130 results found

Search Results for: sodium-24

Sodium-24

Definition noun One of the many isotopes of sodium, with an atomic weight of 24 and 14.96 hour... Read More

Axon hillock

Axon Hillock Definition What is axon hillock? If you are familiar with the different parts of the neuron, the axon hillock... Read More

Isotonic

Isotonic Definition What does isotonic mean? The term "isotonic" is used in physiology, anatomy, and physical chemistry.... Read More

Soda

soda (Science: chemistry) sodium oxide or hydroxide. Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Caustic soda, sodium... Read More

Sodium

sodium (Science: Chemistry, element) Sodium is a soft, silvery, highly reactive alkali metal which has an atomic number of... Read More

Sarcolemma

Sarcolemma Definition What is the sarcolemma? It is the thin, transparent, extensible plasma membrane of the muscle cell.... Read More

Carrier protein

Carrier protein is a type of cell membrane protein involved in facilitated diffusion and active transport of substances out... Read More

Sodium-potassium pump

Definition noun A transmembrane ATPase enzyme located in the plasma membrane of animal cells, and functions by pumping... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Hypotonic solution

Hypotonic Solution Definition What is a hypotonic solution? It refers to a solution that contains a lower amount of solute... Read More

Inorganic salt

Definition noun, plural: inorganic salts A salt that lacks C-H bonds Supplement A salt is defined as the neutral ionic... Read More

Active transport

Active transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances (e.g. ions, glucose, and amino acids) are transported... Read More

Element

Element Definition noun plural: elements el‧e‧ment, ˈel.ɪ.mənt (biochemistry) A substance that cannot be... Read More

Graded potential

Definition noun, plural: graded potentials A change in the electrical potential on the membrane of an excitable cell (e.g. a... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Effervescent sodium phosphate

Effervescent sodium phosphate Exsiccated sodium phosphate 200, sodium bicarbonate 477, tartaric acid 252, and citric acid... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

Transport

In biology, transport refers to the act or the means by which a molecule or ion is moved across the cell membrane or via the... Read More

Covalent bond

Covalent Bond Definition What is a covalent bond? In chemistry and other fundamental science fields, a covalent bond is... Read More

Concentration gradient

Concentration gradient definition Concentration gradient refers to the gradual change in the concentration of solutes in a... Read More

Soap

soap A substance which dissolves in water, thus forming a lather, and is used as a cleansing agent. Soap is produced by... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile or hydrophilic substances mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Smooth muscle

The smooth muscle can be described as a type of muscle in the human body that is non-striated and involuntary in action.... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Na

na The chemical symbol for sodium. From natrium, a synonym for sodium. Sodium chloride (ordinary salt) is... Read More

Chemical bond

Definition noun, plural: chemical bonds The attractive force that binds atoms, ions, or molecules in a chemical... Read More

Tetrodon

Definition noun, plural: tetrodons Any of the species belonging to the genus Tetraodon of puffer fish... Read More

Aldosterone

Definition noun, plural: aldosterones A mineralocorticoid with a chemical formula of C21H28O5, and controls salt and water... Read More

Cyclic guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of guanosine monophosphate (chemical... Read More

Sodium hydrogen carbonate

sodium hydrogen carbonate --> sodium bicarbonate (Science: chemical) carbonic acid monosodium salt (CHNaO3). A white,... Read More

Methampyrone

Methampyrone --> dipyrone (Science: chemical)... Read More

Salinity

Definition noun, plural: salinities The degree of saltiness; the relative proportion of salt in a... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Benedicts solution

Benedicts solution (Science: chemistry) An aqueous solution of sodium citrate, sodium carbonate, and copper sulfate which... Read More

Cytosol

Definition noun plural: cytosols cy·to·sol, ˈsaɪtəˌsɒl (cell biology) The liquid component of the cytoplasm... Read More

Chromate

Chromate a salt of chromic acid. sodium chromate cr 51, anionic hexavalent radioactive chromium in the form of sodium... Read More

Saline solution

Definition noun, plural: saline solutions A salty solution prepared by dissolving sodium chloride (table salt, NaCl) by... Read More