The Anatolian leopard (Panthera pardus tulliana) was once described as a distinct subspecies of leopard native to Anatolia (Asia Minor), Turkey. However, modern taxonomic analyses have demonstrated that the leopards of Asia Minor genetically differ little from other west- and central Asian leopards and should therefore be included into the Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) subspecies. It is unknown whether any leopards still exist in the wild in Anatolia.
These animals once prowled the forest and hill habits of the Aegean, Mediterranean, and East Anatolian regions. Adults grow 200-250 centimeters long and may weigh up to 90 kg; their lifespan is approximately 20 years. In Israel, there were Anatolian leopards until the 1980s, there were also some unconfirmed reports of encounters with leopards in the Galilee, and the Golan Heights.
In the wild, the leopard’s prey consists of wild ungulates, which include deer, chamois, mountain goats, and occasionally wild boar. The animal would also go after birds and domestic livestock, if needed. 
Cause for Decline
It was thought that extensive trophy hunting was the prime factor in the decline and possible extinction of the Anatolian leopard. One hunter named Mantolu Hasan, singlehandedly killed at least fifteen of these animals, possibly as many as fifty.
- Olga Uphyrkina et al. (November 2001). Phylogenetics, genome diversity and origin of modern leopard, Panthera pardus. Molecular Ecology, Volume 10, Issue 11, Page 2617. Abstract
- Sriyanie Miththapala. (August 1996). Phylogeographic Subspecies Recognition in Leopards (Panthera pardus): Molecular Genetic Variation. Conservation Biology, Volume 10, Issue 4, Page 1115. Abstract
- Flora and Fauna. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.
- Cat Specialist Group 1996. Panthera pardus ssp. tulliana. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006.