Dictionary > Anthropophilic

Anthropophilic

Definition
adjective
(parasitology) Preferring or seeking a human host over another animal
Supplement
The term anthropophilic is used to describe parasites that prefer or seek human as host rather than other animals. Etymologically, the term comes from the combining words of Greek anthropos meaning human being and philos meaning fondness. Examples of usage of the term antrhopophilic are as follows:

  • anthropophilic dermatophyte (or anthropophilic fungus)
  • anthropophilic mosquitoes
  • anthropophilic arthropods
  • anthropophilic parasite

The term is used in contrast to parasites that prefer non-human hosts and are described as zoophilic (although the latter may have other meanings). For instance, an anthropophilic dermatophyte pertains to dermatophytic fungus that grows preferentially on humans. Anthropophilic dermatophytes include E. floccosum, M. audouinii, M. ferrugineum, T. concentricum, T. megninii, T. rubum, T. schoenleinii, T. tonsurans, and T. violaceum. These dermatophytes are anthropophilic and cause dermatophyte infection wherein some of them invade the hair of their human host. In contrast, M. canis” is a dermatophyte species that prefer dogs and is described as zoophilic.1
Word origin: Greek ánthrōpos (human being, man) + Latin –philus, Greek –philos (love, fondness)
See also:

Related term(s):

  • anthropophilia
  • Mentioned in:

    • Trichophyton schoenleinii

    Reference(s):

    1 Carter, G. & Cole, J.R. . (1990). Diagnostic Procedure in Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology. Oxford: Elsevier Science.


    You will also like...

    Control of body movement
    Control of Body Movement

    Some of the body movements can be controlled at will, others cannot. The body has a motor program, which is the pattern ..

    Community Patterns

    Learn about community patterns and the ecological factors influencing these patterns. Revisit some of the ecosystems you..

    Crossing Over and Genetic Diversity
    Inheritance and Probability

    Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study of the phenotype of pea plants, including ..

    Hominid
    The Hominids

    The hominid family diversified from the apes around 6 to 8 million years ago. Since then, the evolutionary path has prov..

    Transpiration
    Water in Plants

    The movement of molecules (specifically, water and solutes) is vital to the understanding of plant processes. This tuto..

    Evolution of Life - Ancient Earth
    Evolution of Life – Ancient Earth

    Autotrophs flourished, absorbing carbon and light. Soon after, primitive life forms that could assimilate oxygen thrived..