Dictionary > Brown bear

Brown bear

brown bear

In North America, brown bears are often referred to as grizzly bears — because of their grizzled fur

Brown Bear Definition

The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large bear species. In North America, brown bears are often referred to as the grizzly bears. The name “grizzly” came from their grizzled appearance due to the long hairs over the shoulders and back. (Ref.1) They have long claws on their front limbs. Their fur is often dark brown in color. Others have a different fur color, ranging from black to light creamy shade. (Ref.1) The typical body length may reach up to 2.8 m (from head to rump) and the weight ranging from 80 kg to more than 600 kg. They exhibit sexual dimorphism. Males are larger than females, about 8% to 10%. (Ref.2)

Brown bears are omnivores. They feed on fruits, insects, invertebrates, fish, and small mammals. (Ref.1) The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed the species as Least-Concern Species. (Ref.2)

For more photos and info on brown bears, especially their habitat, distribution, reproduction, social system: see Brown Bear – Bears of the World.

Scientific classification:
• Kingdom: Animalia
• Phylum: Chordata
• Class: Mammalia
• Order: Carnivora
• Family: Ursidae
Scientific name:Ursus arctos

See also


  1. Brown Bear | International Association for Bear Research and Management. (2017). International Association for Bear Research and Management. https://www.bearbiology.org/bear-species/brown-bear/
  2. Ursus arctos (brown bear). (2020). Animal Diversity Web. https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Ursus_arctos/

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