The edible buds of a cultivar (Gemmifera) of Brassica oleracea of the Brassicaceae family.
Brussels sprouts appear like miniature cabbages. They are closely related to broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower of the genus Brassica. They grow in the axils of the leaves along the stem. The buds are a good source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, folic acid and dietary fiber. They also contain sinigrin, which is said to render protection against colon cancer.
Word origin: from the geographical location (Brussels) where the plant was first cultivated on a large scale.
Variants: brussel sprouts
Scientific name: Brassica oleracea gemmifera