Cognition (from the Latin cognitio, meaning “knowledge”, “perception”, “trial”) is the mental process of knowing, thinking, learning, memory, knowledge formation, reasoning, problem-solving, judging, decision making, comprehension, and production of language through thought and the senses. An emerging field that deals with natural cognition as a biological function is referred to as cognitive biology. It believes that all living things are engaged continuously in systematic acts of cognition that involves intentional behaviors (sensory-motor coupling).
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