Dictionary > Deglutology

Deglutology

Definition
noun
The scientific or medical study of the processes and pathophysiology of deglutition
Supplement
Deglutology is a branch of science specializing in the physiologic aspect of deglutition. Deglutition is a medical term for the process of swallowing food and fluid by animals and humans. A professional or expert in this field is called a deglutologist.
Deglutology tackles various disciplines but aims to address different deglutition disorders, particularly in those individuals whose health is compromised by dysphagia and other related pathologies. The general aspects of this field include digestion, gustation, olfaction, and respiration in connection with deglutition. It also tackles the natural airway protective mechanisms and reciprocal physiology of the deglutitive axis. It also studies the central regulation of deglutition. Examples of their studies in that discipline include the cerebral cortical control and the brainstem control of deglutition.
Deglutition is a physiologic process comprised of the following phases: oral phase, pharyngeal phase, and esophageal phase. Thus, these are the major aspects of study in deglutology, incorporating fields of anatomy, embryology, and physiology of the body parts generally used for deglutition.
Deglutology also attempts to discover the physiological dysfunction of the deglutition process in various disorders and pathologies such as dementia, dysphagia, appetite disorders, Zenker’s diverticulum, cricopharyngeal achalasia, etc.
Word origin: Latin dēglūtīt , from – + glūtī (re) (to swallow) + logy (study)
Related term(s):


You will also like...

Evolution of Life - Ancient Earth
Evolution of Life – Ancient Earth

Autotrophs flourished, absorbing carbon and light. Soon after, primitive life forms that could assimilate oxygen thrived..

The Human Physiology
The Human Physiology

Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

Birth Control and Contraception
Birth Control and Contraception

Different pregnancy and birth control and contraception strategies are described. Read this tutorial to learn each of th..

DNA - schematic
Genetic Mutations

This tutorial looks at the mutation at the gene level and the harm it may bring. Learn about single nucleotide polymorph..

Fossil trilobite imprint in the sediment
Insects

There are more species of insects than any other species combined. This surely illustrates that insects have the selecti..

Growth Patterns
Growth Patterns

This tutorial describes the sigmoid curve, annual plant growth, tree growth, human growth, and insect growth as the grow..