Dictionary > Dendrology

Dendrology

Definition
noun
The study of wooden plants such as trees and shrubs
Supplement
Dendrology is the study of wooden plants. It is a branch of botany concerned primarily on trees and shrubs. It is primarily focused on the characterization and identification of woody plants and their taxonomy.
A tree is a woody plant that reaches at least 5 metres high. It has a main stem (trunk) that bears several branches in the upper part while unbranched at the lower part.
A shrub is different from a tree in a way that it is branched at the lower part of its stem. Both the tree and the shrub have wooden tissues. They produce secondary xylem apart from the primary xylem. The secondary xylem is the type of xylem formed from secondary growth (lateral growth). The presence of secondary xylem indicates the presence of a vascular cambium, which gives rise to the secondary xylem in these plants. It is not present in non-woody plants. The cell walls are thickened by the deposition of lignin. This is essential especially in trees that grow vertically and need structural support. The secondary xylem is also the plant tissue responsible for the growth rings (annual rings) seen in trees that live for many seasons.
A specialist or expert in dendrology is called a dendrologist. One of the notable dendrologists is Mike Baillie, a dendrology expert known for his contribution in dating by means of tree-rings.
Word origin: Greek déndron (“tree”) + -logy
Synonym(s):

  • xylology

See also:

  • tree
  • shrub
  • botany


    You will also like...

    DNA - schematic
    Genetic Mutations

    This tutorial looks at the mutation at the gene level and the harm it may bring. Learn about single nucleotide polymorph..

    Freshwater lake ecosystem
    Freshwater Producers and Consumers

    Freshwater ecosystem is comprised of four major constituents, namely elements and compounds, plants, consumers, and deco..

    Hominid
    The Hominids

    The hominid family diversified from the apes around 6 to 8 million years ago. Since then, the evolutionary path has prov..

    Homo Species
    The Homo Species

    The evolution of the species of the genus "Homo" led to the emergence of modern humans. Find out more about human evolut..

    Ploidy
    Polyploidy

    Humans are diploid creatures. This means that for every chromosome in the body, there is another one to match it. Howeve..

    Developmental Biology
    Developmental Biology

    Developmental biology is a biological science that is primarily concerned with how a living thing grows and attains matu..