A limiting factor of a population wherein large, dense populations are more strongly affected than small, less crowded ones.
Examples of this type of factor:
- food and water supply – large population would require for a higher supply of food and water. Limited supply of available food and water would result in competition
- living space – for instance, the growth of plants is affected by competition for space. Less space could mean less sunlight, less photosynthesis.
- predation – more prey animals could mean more predators, thus, increased predation
- disease – spread of disease is faster in a dense population than small ones
See also: limiting factor.