Dictionary > Escape conditioning

Escape conditioning

Definition
noun
A form of conditioning in which the subject learns to perform a behavior that terminates an aversive stimulus, pain or punishment by escaping from the aversive stimulus.
Supplement
For instance, when a rat is provided with only a platform to rest from swimming and the top of the platform is mildly electrified, the rat will respond in ways that will terminate such aversive stimulus. One way is to jump off into the water away from the platform. The jumping of rat when it gets shocked is an escape behavior, and if every time the rat jumps off the platform when given a mild shock (while resting) is an example of escape conditioning.
An escape conditioning becomes an avoidance conditioning when a cue or a warning signal is given before the aversive stimulus starts. An example of a cue is sounding a tone before electrifying the platform. After one or two trials the rat will respond by jumping off the platform every time it perceives the tone, no longer waiting for the mild shock. Hence, it avoids the aversive stimulus even before it starts.
Synonyms:

  • negative reinforcement
  • escape training

See also: avoidance conditioning


You will also like...

New Zealand Fauna
New Zealand’s Unique Fauna

Meet some of New Zealand's unique fauna, including endemic insects, frogs, reptiles, birds, and mammals, and investigate..

green plant cells
Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell..

An artistic depiction of a human embryo
Growth and Development of a Human Baby

Upon fertilization, a zygote forms and develops into an embryo. This tutorial elaborates on the growth and development f..

human brain structure
The Conscious & Unconscious Nervous System

This tutorial elaborates on how the nervous system works, particularly at the tissue level of the brain. There are three..

Chemical composition of the body
Chemical Composition of the Body

The body is comprised of different elements with hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen as the major four. This tutorial..

Human perception in action
Human Perception – Neurology

This tutorial investigates perception as two people can interpret the same thing differently. Know more about human perc..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics