Dictionary > Felidae

Felidae

Definition
noun
A taxonomic family of Carnivora embracing domestic and wild cats such as lions and tigers
Supplement
Felidae is a taxonomic family belonging to the suborder Feliormia, of order Carnivora. One of the distinctive features of the members of this family (called felids) is a gracile, flexible body and muscular limbs for hunting preys. They also have dental and cranial adaptations that enable a strong bite. They also have a tongue covered with horny papillae. These features are essential because they are obligate carnivores and aid in rasping meat from prey. Their limbs are digitigrade. They have soft toe pads and protractible claws. Felids vary in size; the black footed cat (the smallest) has a head-body length of 36.7 to 43.3 cm and the tiger (the largest) has a body length of up to 330 cm. They have large eyes with binocular vision. They have tapetum lucidum, a layer of tissue lying behind the retina and enables the felids a good night vision as it increases the light to the photoreceptors by reflecting light back inside the eyeball. It is also the one that gives a characteristic shine in felid eyes at night. They have more rod cells than humans. This means that felids are better at seeing moving objects. Nevertheless, they have fewer cone cells and therefore have relatively poorer color vision. The ears of felids are large and sensitive to high-frequency sounds. They have a vomeronasal organ in the roof of their mouth, which indicates a highly developed sense of smell. They have highly-sensitive whiskers that help sense air movement.
Felidae is comprised of two subfamilies: Pantherinae (big cats) and Felinae.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Suborder: Feliformia
  • Family: Felidae von Waldheim, 1817

See also:

  • cat
  • lion
  • tiger


  • You will also like...

    Still Water Animals
    Still Water Animals

    Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..

    Golgi apparatus (3-D illustration)
    Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

    The endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus are the organelles involved in the translation step of protein synthesis a..

    Energy pyramid
    Freshwater Community Energy Relationships – Producers & Consumers

    This tutorial looks at the relationship between organisms. It also explores how energy is passed on in the food chain an..

    DNA carries genes coding for proteins
    Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

    Genes are expressed through the process of protein synthesis. This elaborate tutorial provides an in-depth review of the..

    New Zealand Fauna
    New Zealand’s Unique Fauna

    Meet some of New Zealand's unique fauna, including endemic insects, frogs, reptiles, birds, and mammals, and investigate..

    Biological Viruses
    Biological Viruses

    Viruses possess both living and non-living characteristics. This unique feature distinguishes them from other organisms...

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics