Dictionary > Fennel

Fennel

Fennel
(Science: botany) a perennial plant of the genus Faeniculum (f.vulgare), having very finely divided leaves. It is cultivated in gardens for the agreeable aromatic flavor of its seeds. Smell of sweetest fennel. (Milton) A sprig of fennel was in fact the theological smelling bottle of the tender sex. (s. G. Goodrich) Azorean, or sweet, fennel, (Faeniculum dulce). It is a smaller and stouter plant than the common fennel, and is used as a pot herb. Dogs fennel (anthemis Cotula), a foul-smelling European weed; called also mayweed.
(Science: botany) fennel flower, the distilled water of fennel seed. It is stimulant and carminative. Giant fennel (ferula communis), has stems full of pith, which, it is said, were used to carry fire, first, by prometheus. Hogs fennel, a European plant (Peucedanum officinale) looking something like fennel.
Origin: as. Fenol, finol, from L. Feniculum, faeniculum, dim. Of fenum, faenum, hay: cf. F. Fenouil. Cf. Fenugreek. Finochio.


You will also like...

Types and Causes of Brain Damage
Types and Causes of Brain Damage

This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

Flowers and tiny fruits of the pomegranate plant
Fruits, Flowers, and Seeds

This tutorial deals with the structure and function of flowers, fruits, and seeds. Also included here are the types of f..

Lentic community
Freshwater Communities & Lentic Waters

Lentic or still water communities can vary greatly in appearance -- from a small temporary puddle to a large lake. The s..

Plant Auxins
Plant Auxins – Phototropism & Geotropism

Plants produce hormones to regulate their growth. Auxins, for instance, influence plant growth. Know the role of auxin i..

Neural Control Mechanisms
Neural Control Mechanisms

Neurons generate electric signals that they pass along to the other neurons or target tissues. In this tutorial, you wil..

New Zealand Fauna
New Zealand’s Unique Fauna

Meet some of New Zealand's unique fauna, including endemic insects, frogs, reptiles, birds, and mammals, and investigate..