Dictionary > Ferrous lactate

Ferrous lactate

A greenish white crystal or (powder) made up of iron (Fe2+) and lactate anions
Ferrous lactate is the iron salt of lactic acid.1 It is comprised of one atom of iron (Fe2+) and two lactate anions. It is soluble in water and practically insoluble in ethanol.2
It is a haematinic, i.e. an agent improving the quality of blood by increasing the number of erythrocytes and/or the haemoglobin concentration. Thus, it is used as an iron supplement and as an additive to an infant formula and other food and beverages. Possible adverse effects though are gastrointestinal upset and constipation.3
Apart from being an antianemic agent used in treatment of iron-deficiency anemia, ferrous lactate is used also to serve as an acid regulator as well as a colour retention agent.
IUPAC name: Ferrous 2-hydroxypropanoate
Chemical formula: C6H10FeO6

  • iron dilactate
  • iron (II) lactate


1 Food additives in Europe 2000 : status of safety assessments of food additives presently permitted in the EU. (2000). Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers. p.551.

2 Ferrous Lactate. Prepared at the 35th JECFA (1989), published in FNP 49 (1990) and in FNP 52 (1992). Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/jecfa-additives/specs/Monograph1/Additive-193.pdf.

3 U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2005). FERROUS LACTATE. Retrieved from http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+462

You will also like...

Plant Auxins
Plant Auxins – Phototropism & Geotropism

Plants produce hormones to regulate their growth. Auxins, for instance, influence plant growth. Know the role of auxin i..

An artistic depiction of Dunkleosteus fish

The sea was teeming with life. Eventually, through reproduction and continued variation, fish came about. There are over..

bryophyte - sporophyte and gametophyte
Meiosis and Alternation of Generations

Plants are characterized by having alternation of generations in their life cycles. This tutorial is a review of plant m..

Flowers and tiny fruits of the pomegranate plant
Fruits, Flowers, and Seeds

This tutorial deals with the structure and function of flowers, fruits, and seeds. Also included here are the types of f..

Developmental Biology
Developmental Biology

Developmental biology is a biological science that is primarily concerned with how a living thing grows and attains matu..

Still Water Community Plants
Still Water Community Plants

This tutorial looks at the adaptations of freshwater plants for them to thrive in still water habitats. Familiarize your..