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noun, plural: fruits
(1) (botany) The seed-bearing structure in angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering.
(2) The edible, usually fleshy and sweet smelling part of a plant that may or may not contain seed(s).
(3) The offspring from a sexual union.
Classification of fruits based on the arrangement from which they derive:

  • Simple fruits – fruits that developed from a single or compound ovary with only one pistil (of a single flower). Simple fruits may either be fleshy or dry fruits.
  • Aggregate fruits – fruits that develop from a single flower of many simple pistils. Examples are blackberries and raspberries.
  • Multiple fruits – fruits that develop from the ovaries of many flowers growing in a cluster. Examples are pineapple and mulberry.
  • Accessory fruits – fruits that contain tissue derived from plant parts other than the ovary. Examples are strawberry, apple, pear, etc.

Word origin: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin frūctus, enjoyment, fruit, from past participle of fruī, to enjoy.
Related terms:

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