Dictionary > Glycocalyx


noun, plural: glycocalyses
(1) The outer layer usually made up of bound polysaccharides on the cell surface and superficial layer of unbound proteoglycans and glycoproteins
(2) Sugar coat surrounding the cell wall of bacterium, as bacterial capsule or slime layer in various bacterial cells
The various functions of glycocalyx of a cell includes the following:

Word origin: Greek glykýs (sweet) + Greek kalux (shell)
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