Dictionary > Hydrolytic enzyme

Hydrolytic enzyme

Definition
noun, plural: hydrolytic enzymes
Any of the enzymes or catalysts that act and behave like a hydrolase.
Supplement
In biochemistry, a hydrolase is an enzyme that speeds up the hydrolysis of a chemical bond. For instance, a hydrolytic enzyme acts on the following reaction:
A–B + H2O → A–OH + B–H
These enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of a chemical bond of a compound such as proteins, nucleic acids, starch, fats, phosphate esters, and other macromolecular substances.
Word origin: hydrolysis: Gk, comb. form of hýdōr, water +Gk lytikós able to loosen; enzyme: Gk. enzymos “leavened,” from en- “in” + zyme “leaven”.
Synonym: hydrolase.

See also: hydrolysis.


You will also like...

Human Reproduction
Human Reproduction

Humans are capable of only one mode of reproduction, i.e. sexual reproduction. Haploid sex cells (gametes) are produced ..

A chart depicting Mendel's Law of Dominance
Mendel’s Law & Mendelian Genetics

One of Mendel’s law of inheritance is the “law of dominance”. Read this tutorial to know more about this form of i..

DNA molecule
Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Genes are the blueprint of our bodies, a blueprint that creates a variety of proteins essential to any organism's surviv..

A sperm cell fertilizing an ovum
Human Reproduction and Fertilization

For human species to obviate extinction, reproductive mature adults should be producing viable offspring in order to con..

Types and Causes of Brain Damage
Types and Causes of Brain Damage

This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

Community Patterns

Learn about community patterns and the ecological factors influencing these patterns. Revisit some of the ecosystems you..