Dictionary > Ichthyology

Ichthyology

Definition
noun
A branch of biology concerned primarily with the study of fish
Supplement
Ichthyology is the scientific study of fish. It is a branch of biology, which is a branch of science that deals with all living things. Ichthyology is concerned with fish species, particularly the Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish), the Osteichthyes (bony fish), and the Agnatha (jawless fish).
An expert in this field is called an ichthyologist. The interest in fish can be traced back to as early as the time when humans hunt and gather fish. The early humans would attempt to understand where and how to obtain the kinds of fish that are edible and useful. Nevertheless, ichthyology as a formal science in particular could be traced back during the time when Aristotle provided the earliest classification of fish and documented anatomical features and behavior of fish species that characterize them from other marine mammal species. Modern ichthyology was conceived during the European Renaissance. Important contributions during this era were provided particularly by three prominent scholars: Hippolito Salviani, Pierre Belon, and Guillaume Rondelet. Hippolito Salviani was an Italian. One of his recognized contributions was his book Aquatilium animalium historiae (included descriptions of hundreds of Mediterranean fish). Pierre Belon, a French naturalist, wrote on various topics such as ichthyology, ornithology, botany, comparative anatomy, etc. Guillaume Rondelet, an anatomist and a naturalist, contributed to ichthyology through his book, Libri de piscibus marinis in quibus verae piscium effigies expressae sunt.. In this book, he described the anatomical features of various marine species and examined how they differ and how they function.
Word origin: Greek ikhthús (“fish”) +‎ –logy (study)
Synonym:

  • fish science

See also:

  • fish
  • biology
  • Osteichthyes
  • Chondrichthyes
  • Agnatha


    You will also like...

    Types and Causes of Brain Damage
    Types and Causes of Brain Damage

    This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

    Water Cycle
    The Water Cycle

    The water cycle (also referred to as the hydrological cycle) is a system of continuous transfer of water from the air, s..

    Golgi apparatus (3-D illustration)
    Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

    The endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus are the organelles involved in the translation step of protein synthesis a..

    A chart depicting Mendel's Law of Dominance
    Mendel’s Law & Mendelian Genetics

    One of Mendel’s law of inheritance is the “law of dominance”. Read this tutorial to know more about this form of i..

    Growth Patterns
    Growth Patterns

    This tutorial describes the sigmoid curve, annual plant growth, tree growth, human growth, and insect growth as the grow..

    Still Water Community Plants
    Still Water Community Plants

    This tutorial looks at the adaptations of freshwater plants for them to thrive in still water habitats. Familiarize your..