Dictionary > Ichthyology

Ichthyology

Definition
noun
A branch of biology concerned primarily with the study of fish
Supplement
Ichthyology is the scientific study of fish. It is a branch of biology, which is a branch of science that deals with all living things. Ichthyology is concerned with fish species, particularly the Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish), the Osteichthyes (bony fish), and the Agnatha (jawless fish).
An expert in this field is called an ichthyologist. The interest in fish can be traced back to as early as the time when humans hunt and gather fish. The early humans would attempt to understand where and how to obtain the kinds of fish that are edible and useful. Nevertheless, ichthyology as a formal science in particular could be traced back during the time when Aristotle provided the earliest classification of fish and documented anatomical features and behavior of fish species that characterize them from other marine mammal species. Modern ichthyology was conceived during the European Renaissance. Important contributions during this era were provided particularly by three prominent scholars: Hippolito Salviani, Pierre Belon, and Guillaume Rondelet. Hippolito Salviani was an Italian. One of his recognized contributions was his book Aquatilium animalium historiae (included descriptions of hundreds of Mediterranean fish). Pierre Belon, a French naturalist, wrote on various topics such as ichthyology, ornithology, botany, comparative anatomy, etc. Guillaume Rondelet, an anatomist and a naturalist, contributed to ichthyology through his book, Libri de piscibus marinis in quibus verae piscium effigies expressae sunt.. In this book, he described the anatomical features of various marine species and examined how they differ and how they function.
Word origin: Greek ikhthús (“fish”) +‎ –logy (study)
Synonym:

  • fish science

See also:

  • fish
  • biology
  • Osteichthyes
  • Chondrichthyes
  • Agnatha


    You will also like...

    Human Neurology
    Human Neurology

    Human Neurology deals essentially with the nervous system of humans. It also features the various theories put forward b..

    Early Mammals on Earth
    Early Mammals on Earth

    The Earth's ecosphere was rapidly changing and throwing up a wide range of ecological niches that new adaptive organisms..

    Homeostasis by water regulation
    Homeostasis of Organism Water Regulation

    Osmoregulation is the regulation of water concentrations in the bloodstream, effectively controlling the amount of water..

    Carbohydrates, fats and proteins - dietary sources
    A Balanced Diet – Carbohydrates and Fat

    Apart from vitamins, the human body also requires high energy sources such as carbohydrates and fats. If you want an ove..

    Biological Cell schematic diagram
    Biological Cell Introduction

    It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. A single cell is able to keep itself functional through its 'mi..

    Pikas are an indicator species for climate change
    Indicator Species and Endangered Species

    Certain species are capable of expressing characteristics indicative of the state of the ecosystem they occupy. They are..