Related to environmental, social and economic importance that are engaged in the utilization of microorganisms in manufacturing products including beverages, foods, pharmaceuticals and fuels that uses technologies for pollution control and waste management.
It includes the main characteristic of microbial makeup, investigating the adaptability of microorganisms various products and metabolic activities as well as in technology for cultivating fermentation products.
A field that concerned in the advanced of technologies to manage and direct the growth of some biological agents to generate enviable goods for economic gain and hinder economic loss which uses microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast to produce classy products like metabolites and antibodies.
Profitable microbial compounds undergo fermentation and product recovery wherein fermentation involves in the composition of gas been controlled and the bubble that will flow through a stirred pure microbial culture suspended in a liquid medium at optimum nutrient composition and product recovery as well involves in the following stages first cell disruption through centrifugation and filtration and second the purification process through precipitation and chromatograph.
Microbial actions have long been used for sewage treatment facilities, industrial hazardous waste cleanup, and bioremediation that reveal significant advantages. In bioremediation feats have been shown in using native bacteria to degrade toxic petroleum products and toxic biocides.
• waste treatment