Dictionary > Locomotion

Locomotion

Definition
noun
The ability of cells or organisms to move and propel itself from place to place
Supplement
Locomotion in biology pertains to the various movements of organisms (single-celled or multicellular organisms) to propel themselves from one place to another. In multicellular animals, these movements include walking, running, jumping, crawling, climbing, swimming, flying, galloping, slithering, and so on. The movements may vary depending on the habitat of the animal. For instance, terrestrial animals are capable of terrestrial locomotion since they have special adaptations for it such as feet and strong limbs for running and walking. For limbless animals, such as snakes, they are capable of slithering over a surface. Animals with longer hind limbs enable them to jump high. In an aquatic habitat, animals, such as fish, move using their fins. Single-celled organisms, such as ciliates and flagellates, move using their locomotory organs, cilia and flagella, respectively. Animals, such as tree snails, bats, and leopards that can climb and stay on trees, and move from one tree to another display arboreal locomotion.
Word origin: Latin loco (from a place), locus (place) + motionem (motio), motion (a moving)
See also:

Related term(s):

Mentioned in:

  • Sol gel transformation

You will also like...

New Zealand Flora & Fauna
Ecology & Biodiversity: New Zealand Flora & Fauna

New Zealand is known for its unique biodiversity, caused by its remarkable geography and geologic history. Breaking away..

Bryophytes
Bryophytes

Bryophytes (nonvascular plants) are a plant group characterized by lacking vascular tissues. They include the mosses, th..

Salmon jumping upstream in the river
Lotic Communities & Animals

A running water environment offers numerous microhabitats for many types of animals. Similar to plants, animals in lotic..

Freshwater aquatic plankton
Freshwater Communities & Plankton

Planktons are microscopic organisms that live suspended in aquatic habitats. There are two groups: the phytoplanktons an..

Freshwater lake ecosystem
Freshwater Producers and Consumers

Freshwater ecosystem is comprised of four major constituents, namely elements and compounds, plants, consumers, and deco..

Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination
Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination

This tutorial looks at sex determination via the sex chromosomes, X and Y. Read it to get more info on X and Y chromosom..