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Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

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Plant Biology

Plantlife can be studied at a variety of levels, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, c..

Genetic Mutations
Chromosome Mutations – II

This tutorial is a continuation of the first lesson on chromosomal mutation. Here, find out the chromosomal aberrations ..

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Freshwater Lentic Communities & Animals

This tutorial looks at some of the communities in freshwater lentic habitats. For instance, symbiosis occurs in a commun..

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Lotic Communities & Algae

Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

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Plant Cell Defense

Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..