Dictionary > Molecular neuroscience

Molecular neuroscience

Definition
noun
A branch of neuroscience that studies the nervous system in terms of its molecular biology, molecular genetics, protein chemistry, and similar methodologies
Supplement
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. Modern tools and technologies (e.g. molecular biology, electrophysiology, computational methods, etc.) led to the advancement of research on nervous system. As a result, neuroscience is now comprised of various branches.
Molecular neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that deals with the molecular aspect of the nervous system, such as molecular biology, molecular genetics, protein chemistry, and other related fields. Thus, it is interested in understanding topics such as molecular neuroanatomy, mechanisms of molecular signaling in the nervous system, the effects of genetics and epigenetics on neuronal development, and the molecular basis for neuroplasticity and neurodegenerative diseases.1 Research in this field is generally geared toward determining key molecules that play a role in the structure and the function of the brain.
See also:

Reference(s):

1 Revest, P. & Longstaff, A. (1998). Molecular neuroscience. Oxford New York: Bios Scientific Pub. Springer.


You will also like...

Adaptation Tutorial
Adaptation Tutorial

Adaptation, in biology and ecology, refers to the process or trait through which organisms or the populations in a habit..

Genetic Mutations
Chromosome Mutations – II

This tutorial is a continuation of the first lesson on chromosomal mutation. Here, find out the chromosomal aberrations ..

Types and Causes of Brain Damage
Types and Causes of Brain Damage

This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

Population Growth and Survivorship
Population Growth and Survivorship

This lesson looks at population attributes, regulation, and growth. It also covers population genetics, particularly gen..

Schematic diagram of bacterial lactose operon
Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

Learn how the way genes control and determine every aspect of the body. This lesson uses lac operon as an example. ..

..

DNA molecule
Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Genes are the blueprint of our bodies, a blueprint that creates a variety of proteins essential to any organism's surviv..