Dictionary > Nematology

Nematology

Definition
noun
The scientific study of nematodes (roundworms)
Supplement
Nematology is a branch of biology that deals primarily with the roundworms or nematodes. It became an independent discipline in the mid to late 19th century.1 Nematodes belong to the phylum Nematoda. They are characterized by an early pulmonary phase related to larval migration and a later, prolonged intestinal phase. Adult worms are 15-40 cm in length and maintain themselves in the lumen of the small intestine. Infection occurs after ingesting eggs contained in contaminated food or more commonly, by transmission to the mouth by the hands after contact with contaminated soil. Treatment is with mebendazole or pyrantel pamoate.
A nematologist is a person specializing in this field. Nathan Augustus Cobb is regarded as the father of nematology. He was able to describe several species of nematodes. Michel Luc, a French nematologist, is considered as the father of the plant nematology. He is also known for his work on nematode taxonomy. Another notable nematologist is Gregor Willian Yeates. He is known for his work on nematodes in non-agricultural settings, particularly sand dunes.
Word origin: Ancient Greek ‎nêma (“thread”) + –logy
Reference(s):

1 Chitwood, B. G., and Chitwood, M. B. (1950). “An Introduction to Nematology”, pp. 1–5 in Introduction to Nematology. University Park Press, Baltimore.


You will also like...

Angle Oak Tree
Seed Plants

Seed plants are vascular plants. They differ from the other vascular plants in producing seeds that germinate into a new..

Wart-like leaf galls on grape leaves
Plant Cell Defense

Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..

Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung
Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung

In this tutorial, the works of Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud are described. Both of them actively pursued the way h..

Bryophytes
Bryophytes

Bryophytes (nonvascular plants) are a plant group characterized by lacking vascular tissues. They include the mosses, th..

Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication
Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication

Homeostasis is the relatively stable conditions of the internal environment that result from compensatory regulatory res..

squirrel
Animal Water Regulation

Animals adapt to their environment in aspects of anatomy, physiology, and behavior. This tutorial will help you understa..