Dictionary > Nematology

Nematology

Definition
noun
The scientific study of nematodes (roundworms)
Supplement
Nematology is a branch of biology that deals primarily with the roundworms or nematodes. It became an independent discipline in the mid to late 19th century.1 Nematodes belong to the phylum Nematoda. They are characterized by an early pulmonary phase related to larval migration and a later, prolonged intestinal phase. Adult worms are 15-40 cm in length and maintain themselves in the lumen of the small intestine. Infection occurs after ingesting eggs contained in contaminated food or more commonly, by transmission to the mouth by the hands after contact with contaminated soil. Treatment is with mebendazole or pyrantel pamoate.
A nematologist is a person specializing in this field. Nathan Augustus Cobb is regarded as the father of nematology. He was able to describe several species of nematodes. Michel Luc, a French nematologist, is considered as the father of the plant nematology. He is also known for his work on nematode taxonomy. Another notable nematologist is Gregor Willian Yeates. He is known for his work on nematodes in non-agricultural settings, particularly sand dunes.
Word origin: Ancient Greek ‎nêma (“thread”) + –logy
Reference(s):

1 Chitwood, B. G., and Chitwood, M. B. (1950). “An Introduction to Nematology”, pp. 1–5 in Introduction to Nematology. University Park Press, Baltimore.


You will also like...

Crossing Over and Genetic Diversity
Inheritance and Probability

Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study of the phenotype of pea plants, including ..

complete-dominance
Dominance

This tutorial presents Gregor Mendel's law of dominance. Learn more about this form of inheritance and how it can be pre..

"Opabinia regalis"
The Evolutionary Development of Multicellular Organisms

Multicellular organisms evolved. The first ones were likely in the form of sponges. Multicellularity led to the evolutio..

Darwin's Finches - Natural Selection
Darwin and Natural Selection

This tutorial investigates the genetic diversity in more detail. It also delineates how certain alleles are favored over..

Gibberellins and Gibberellic Acid
Gibberellins and Gibberellic Acid

This tutorial describes the role of gibberellin family in plants. Find out the effects of gibberellin on plant growth an..

Golgi apparatus (3-D illustration)
Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

The endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus are the organelles involved in the translation step of protein synthesis a..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics