Dictionary > Neurophysiology

Neurophysiology

Definition
noun
A branch of neuroscience that is concerned with the physiology of the nervous system
Supplement
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. Modern tools and technologies (e.g. molecular biology, electrophysiology, computational methods, etc.) led to the advancement of research on nervous system. As a result, neuroscience is now comprised of various branches. Neurophysiology is one of these branches.
Neurophysiology is a branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system. It makes use of the physiological techniques in its research, e.g. electrophysiological recordings (using voltage clamp, patch clamp, etc.), calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology. Some of the topics of interests are electroencephalography, neuroplasticity, chemical synapse, brainstem, electromyography, exocytosis, transcranial magnetic stimulation, long-term potentiation, nerve conduction study, and transcranial direct current stimulation. Electroencephalograpy or EEG is one in which the electrical activity of the brain is recorded from the scalp. Electromyography and nerve conduction research are concerned with assessing the function of the nerves and muscles.
Neurophysiology is also concerned with studying disorders affecting the brain, e.g. meningitis, strokes, dementia, encephalitis, etc., as well as the nerve and the muscle such as myasthenia gravis and motor neurone disease.
Word origin: Greek neuron (“nerve”) +physis (“nature, origin”) + -logia (“knowledge”)
See also:


You will also like...

Still Water Animals
Still Water Animals

Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..

Stem
Stems

Stems primarily provide plants structural support. This tutorial includes lectures on the external form of a woody twig ..

Homo Species
The Homo Species

The evolution of the species of the genus "Homo" led to the emergence of modern humans. Find out more about human evolut..

Freshwater lake ecosystem
Freshwater Producers and Consumers

Freshwater ecosystem is comprised of four major constituents, namely elements and compounds, plants, consumers, and deco..

An artist's depiction of the origin of amphibians
Amphibians & Early Reptiles

Obtaining air outside an aquatic environment required species to acquire suitable adaptations, and this was the case of ..

Schematic diagram of bacterial lactose operon
Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

Learn how the way genes control and determine every aspect of the body. This lesson uses lac operon as an example. ..

..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics