Dictionary > Paleoneurology

Paleoneurology

Definition
noun
A scientific study of the evolution of the brain by combining the techniques used in paleontology and archeology
Supplement
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. Modern tools and technologies (e.g. molecular biology, electrophysiology, computational methods, etc.) led to the advancement of research on nervous system. As a result, neuroscience is now comprised of various sub-disciplines. One of them is paleoneurology. Paleoneurology is the study of the evolution of the brain, particularly that of humans. It makes use of the techniques used in paleontology and archaeology. It attempts to provide insight on human evolution for instance with regard to brain endocasts. One of the research areas is the analysis of the cranial vaults in order to study the development of brains and endocranial features and volumes. It is also concerned with fossil skulls, comparing one from the other. It analyzes the similarities and differences between old fossils and the skulls of recently deceased individuals. Comparisons may also be done on skulls between one species to another (e.g. between humans and chimpanzees), focusing on anatomical, physiological, and phylogenetical features.
See also:


You will also like...

Biological Cell schematic diagram
Biological Cell Introduction

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. A single cell is able to keep itself functional through its 'mi..

Human perception in action
Human Perception – Neurology

This tutorial investigates perception as two people can interpret the same thing differently. Know more about human perc..

Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration

Cell respiration is the process of creating ATP. It is "respiration" because it utilizes oxygen. Know the different stag..

Hormone Production
Hormone Production

Hormones are chemical messengers produced by specialized glands and they were produced by switching on the genes designe..

Early Earth
The Origins of Life

This tutorial digs into the past to investigate the origins of life. The section is split into geological periods in the..

Electromagnetic spectrum of a brain
Sleep and Dreams – Neurology

While learning and intelligence are associated with the functions of a conscious mind, sleep and dreams are activities o..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics