Dictionary > Philippine tarsier

Philippine tarsier

Definition
noun, plural: Philippine tarsiers
A tarsier species endemic to the islands of the Philippines
Supplement
Tarsiers are species of the family Tarsiidae of the order Primates. They are haplorrhines, i.e. dry-nosed, as opposed to Strepsirrhini primates, which are wet-nosed (rhinarium). The tarsiers are found in the rainforests of Southeast Asia. Similar to other tarsier species, the Philippine tarsiers are characterized by their enormous eyes and large, thin ears relative to their head. Their eyes are also fixed in its skull. They are nocturnal primates and have an excellent field of vision. Their name (tarsier) is derived from another distinctive feature, i.e. having an elongated tarsus (ankle bone). This enables them to leap from tree to tree.
The Philippine tarsiers are endemic to the Philippines, particularly on the islands of Bohol, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao, as well as in Basilan, Dinagat, Maripipi, and Siargao. They are capable of making vertical leaps from tree to tree. They can rotate their head to nearly 360°.1 They are nocturnal and solitary. They are considered to be mammals with the biggest eyes, i.e. 16 mm across, in proportion to their body size.2 They have thin, rough fur with gray to dark brown coloration.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Subphylum: Vertebrata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Primates
  • Family: Tarsiidae
  • Genus: Tarsius or Carlito
  • Species:
  • Tarsius syrichta
  • Carlito syrichta

See also:

  • tarsier
  • Reference(s):

    1 Tarsius syrichta. Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved from ://eol.org/pages/126789/overview.

    2 Niemitz, C. (2006) Tarsiers. In: Macdonald, D.W. (Ed) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


    You will also like...

    Types and Causes of Brain Damage
    Types and Causes of Brain Damage

    This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

    Growth Patterns
    Growth Patterns

    This tutorial describes the sigmoid curve, annual plant growth, tree growth, human growth, and insect growth as the grow..

    3D rendering of an antibody
    Passive and Active Types of Immunity

    Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell capable of producing a specific immune response to unique antigens. In thi..

    Developmental Biology
    Developmental Biology

    Developmental biology is a biological science that is primarily concerned with how a living thing grows and attains matu..

    Physiological Homeostasis
    Physiological Homeostasis

    Homeostasis is essential to maintain conditions within the tolerable limits. Otherwise, the body will fail to function p..

    Digestion and Absorption of Food
    Digestion and Absorption of Food

    The gastrointestinal system breaks down particles of ingested food into molecular forms by enzymes through digestion and..