Dictionary > Procambium

Procambium

Definition
noun, plural: procambia
(botany) The primary meristem where the primary vascular tissues develop from
Supplement
A meristem (meristematic tissue) is a type of plant tissue responsible for the growth of a plant. It is comprised of undifferentiated cells that are active in cell division. Some of the cells will continue to form new cells while others will develop into partially differentiated cells that develop into more specialized type of cells. For instance, some of them develop into an epidermis whereas others into a vascular tissue. The meristem may be classified into primary or secondary. The primary meristem is the one responsible for the primary growth of the plant. It is concerned chiefly in increasing the length or height of the plant as opposed to the secondary meristem that is responsible for the increase in girth (thickness). The primary meristem in the root and shoot apices are referred to as apical meristem. In vascular plants, the apical meristem may give rise to the protoderm, the procambium, or the ground meristem. The meristem that develops into primary vascular tissues, in particular, is referred to as the procambium. The procambium is located next to the protoderm. The procambium gives rise to cells that make up the primary xylem and the primary phloem. Aside from the primary vascular tissues, the vascular cambium and the cork cambium may also arise from the procambium.
Synonym(s):

  • provascular tissue

See also:

  • meristem
  • apical meristem
  • primary meristem
  • primary xylem
  • primary phloem
  • Related form(s):

    • procambial (adjective, of, relating to, or characterized by procambium)


    You will also like...

    Consciousness and behavior
    Consciousness and Behavior

    Human consciousness and behavior are an interesting topic since they are determined and controlled by the brain. Conscio..

    Water Cycle
    The Water Cycle

    The water cycle (also referred to as the hydrological cycle) is a system of continuous transfer of water from the air, s..

    Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung
    Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung

    In this tutorial, the works of Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud are described. Both of them actively pursued the way h..

    Young plant growing from the soil.
    Soils

    Nutrients in the soil are essential to the proper growth of a land plant. This tutorial deals with the properties of soi..

    mRNA
    Protein Synthesis

    Part of the genetic information is devoted to the synthesis of proteins. mRNA, a type of RNA, is produced as a transcri..

    Photosynthesis and respiration
    Plant Metabolism

    Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. Plant processes, such as photosynthesis, photop..