Dictionary > Proprioceptor


noun, plural: proprioceptors
A sensory receptor located in the subcutaneous tissues, and is capable of detecting motion (or movement) and position of the body through a stimulus produced within the body
Proprioception is the perception of one’s self. It is a perception of one’s body in terms of movement and position. One would be able to sense the position and movement of a body part relative to the other parts of the body. For instance, the person would be able to sense the position of the arm above the head or would be able to touch the nose with one’s finger even if blindfolded. This is due to the proprioceptors of the body. Proprioceptors are sensory receptors located in the subcutaneous tissues. They are capable of detecting motion (or movement) and position of the body through a stimulus produced within the body. They relay information to the brain when a body part is moving or its position relative to the rest of the body.
Examples of proprioceptors are as follows: neuromuscular spindle, Golgi tendon organ, joint kinesthetic receptor, vestibular apparatus. In particular, the Golgi tendon organ is a proprioceptor that provides information regarding the changes in muscle tension. The neuromuscular spindle is the one providing information about muscle length changes.
Word origin: Latin proprius, one’s own + receptor
See also:

You will also like...

A chart depicting Mendel's Law of Dominance
Mendel’s Law & Mendelian Genetics

One of Mendel’s law of inheritance is the “law of dominance”. Read this tutorial to know more about this form of i..

Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions

The kidneys are responsible for the regulation of water and inorganic ions. Read this tutorial to learn about the differ..

Animal Water Regulation

Animals adapt to their environment in aspects of anatomy, physiology, and behavior. This tutorial will help you understa..

"Opabinia regalis"
The Evolutionary Development of Multicellular Organisms

Multicellular organisms evolved. The first ones were likely in the form of sponges. Multicellularity led to the evolutio..

Wart-like leaf galls on grape leaves
Plant Cell Defense

Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..

The Dinosaurs

Dinosaurs represented a major turn in the evolutionary development of organisms on Earth. The first dinosaurs were presu..