Dictionary > Proprioceptor

Proprioceptor

Definition
noun, plural: proprioceptors
A sensory receptor located in the subcutaneous tissues, and is capable of detecting motion (or movement) and position of the body through a stimulus produced within the body
Supplement
Proprioception is the perception of one’s self. It is a perception of one’s body in terms of movement and position. One would be able to sense the position and movement of a body part relative to the other parts of the body. For instance, the person would be able to sense the position of the arm above the head or would be able to touch the nose with one’s finger even if blindfolded. This is due to the proprioceptors of the body. Proprioceptors are sensory receptors located in the subcutaneous tissues. They are capable of detecting motion (or movement) and position of the body through a stimulus produced within the body. They relay information to the brain when a body part is moving or its position relative to the rest of the body.
Examples of proprioceptors are as follows: neuromuscular spindle, Golgi tendon organ, joint kinesthetic receptor, vestibular apparatus. In particular, the Golgi tendon organ is a proprioceptor that provides information regarding the changes in muscle tension. The neuromuscular spindle is the one providing information about muscle length changes.
Word origin: Latin proprius, one’s own + receptor
See also:


You will also like...

Genetics and Evolution
Genetics and Evolution

Tutorials in Genetics and Evolution immerse on the molecular aspects and the works of nature that led to what every livi..

The Human Physiology
The Human Physiology

Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

Thermographic image of face and neck
Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

The human body is capable of regulating growth and energy balance through various feedback mechanisms. Get to know the e..

An artistic depiction of a human embryo
Growth and Development of a Human Baby

Upon fertilization, a zygote forms and develops into an embryo. This tutorial elaborates on the growth and development f..

Bryophytes
Bryophytes

Bryophytes are a plant group characterized by being nonvascular. They include the mosses, the liverworts, and the hornwo..

The process of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis – Photolysis and Carbon Fixation

Photosynthesis is the process that plants undertake to create organic materials from carbon dioxide and water, with the ..