Dictionary > Solubility

Solubility

Definition
noun
(1) The quantity of a particular substance (solid, liquid, or gas solute) that can dissolve in a particular solvent, yielding a saturated solution
(2) (botany) The tendency to separate readily into parts by spurious articulations
Supplement
Solubility in general refers to the quality or property of being soluble or solvable. It is the ability of a substance (referred to as solute) dissolving in a solvent. The solute may be a solid, a liquid, or a gaseous substance. The solubility of the solute depends on its physical and chemical properties. Other factors affecting solubility are temperature, pressure, pH of the solution, and the properties of the solvent. Typically, the solvent is a liquid and water is one of the most common solvents used to dissolve solutes. There are solutes that readily dissolve in a solution while there are others that do not. Those that do not dissolve easily in a solution are called insoluble. A substance that is considered as insoluble is one in which there is less than 0.1 g per 100 mL of the solvent.1
Word origin: French solubilite, from Latin solubilis, solvere (loosen, dissolve)
Compare:

See also:

  • solute
  • solvent
  • solution
  • Related term(s):

    Reference(s):

    1 Rogers, Elizabeth; Stovall, Iris (2000). “Fundamentals of Chemistry: Solubility”. Department of Chemistry. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 22 April 2015.


    You will also like...

    New Zealand Flora & Fauna
    Ecology & Biodiversity: New Zealand Flora & Fauna

    New Zealand is known for its unique biodiversity, caused by its remarkable geography and geologic history. Breaking away..

    Origins of Life on Earth
    Origins of Life on Earth

    Earth was created around 4.5 billion years ago and life began not long after. Primitive life likely possessed the elemen..

    Genetics – Lesson Outline & Worksheets
    Genetics – Lesson Outline & Worksheets

      Topics Modules Quizzes/Worksheets Description Introduction to Genetics Genetics – Definition: Heredity and ..

    DNA molecule
    Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

    Genes are the blueprint of our bodies, a blueprint that creates a variety of proteins essential to any organism's surviv..

    Physiological Homeostasis
    Physiological Homeostasis

    Homeostasis is essential to maintain conditions within the tolerable limits. Otherwise, the body will fail to function p..

    river
    Running Water Freshwater Communities

    This tutorial introduces flowing water communities, which bring new and dithering factors into the equation for possible..