Articles > Homologous chromosomes Homologous chromosomes Quiz Choose the best answer. 1. What are homologous chromosomes? Chromosomes with the same loci Chromosomes with the same chromosomal length Chromosomes with the same loci, chromosomal length, and centromere location 2. In humans, a homologous pair consists of ... paternal chromosomes maternal chromosomes a paternal and a maternal chromosome 3. Exchanges of genetic material occurs during ... mitosis meiosis mitosis and meiosis 4. They have alleles on the same gene and loci Homologous chromosomes Heterologous chromosomes Homologous and heterologous chromosomes 5. The XY sex chromosomes are ... homologous chromosomes heterologous chromosomes sister chromatids Send Your Results (Optional) Your Name To Email Time is Up!