67 results found

Search Results for: bond energy

Bond energy

Bond energy The energy needed to break a molecular... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Chemical bond

Definition noun, plural: chemical bonds The attractive force that binds atoms, ions, or molecules in a chemical... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

ATP & ADP – Biological Energy

ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate, and is the energy used by an organism in its daily operations. It consists of an... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Disaccharide

Definition noun plural: disaccharides di·sac·cha·ride, daɪˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A (carbohydrate) composed of... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Nucleoside

Definition noun plural: nucleosides A nitrogenous base (purine or pyrimidine) bound to a pentose sugar ribose or... Read More

Adenosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide made up of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Kinetic molecular theory

Kinetic molecular theory (Science: chemistry) this theory assumes that molecules must collide in order to react. The more... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Fat

Definition noun plural: fats fats, fæts A term largely applied to storage lipids in animal tissues that are usually solid... Read More

Water

Water Definition (1) (biochemistry) A chemical substance, with chemical formula H2O, that is a clear, colorless, odorless,... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Substrate

Substrate Definition What is a "substrate"? The underlying substances or layers are termed as substrate. The definitions of... Read More

Guanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of guanosine (a... Read More

Nitrogen

Definition noun plural: nitrogens ni·tro·gen, ˈnɐɪtʰɹədʒən (biochemistry) A colorless, odorless, gaseous... Read More

Carbon dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Definition noun, car·bon di·ox·ide, /daɪˈɒksaɪd/ (biochemistry) An inorganic compound, with the... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

High Energy Bond

A type of bond in a molecule that is in a high energy state, such as atp compared to adp, atp has much more energy... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition noun plural: celluloses cel·lu·lose, sĕl′yə-lōs (1) A polysaccharide consisting of a linear... Read More

Valence electron

Definition noun, plural: valence electrons Any of the electrons on the outermost shell of an atom and takes part in chemical... Read More