72 results found

Search Results for: cellulose

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition noun plural: celluloses cel·lu·lose, sĕl′yə-lōs (1) A polysaccharide consisting of a linear... Read More

Diethylaminoethyl-cellulose

Definition noun (1) A positively charged resin used in ion-exchange chromatography for protein purification and... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Cellobiose

Definition noun plural: cellobioses cel·lo·bi·ose, ˌsɛləʊˈbaɪəʊz A disaccharide made up of two glucose... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Secondary cell wall

Definition noun plural: secondary cell walls ˈsɛkənˌdɛɹi sɛl wɔːl The layer of the plant cell wall that forms... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile (or hydrophilic molecule) mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Primary cell wall

Definition noun plural: primary cell walls ˈpɹaɪməɹi sɛl wɔːl The layer of the plant cell wall that forms prior to... Read More

Roughage

Definition noun plural: roughages rough·age, ɹʌf'ɪdʒ (1) A dietary fiber (2) Hay or any other coarse feed, such as... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Microfibril

Definition noun, plural: microfibrils (1) (cell biology) A microtubule or microfilament within the cell; an extremely small,... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

A Balanced Diet – Carbohydrates and Fat

Alongside the numerous vitamins that are required as part of a healthy diet, we must also eat food containing a variety of... Read More

Alimentary canal

Definition of Alimentary canal What is the alimentary canal? The alimentary canal is a muscular hollow continuous tubular... Read More

Tunicin

tunicin (Science: physiology) animal cellulose; a substance present in the mantle, or tunic, of the tunicates, which... Read More

Turgidity

Turgidity is the state of being turgid or swollen, especially due to high fluid content. In general context, turgidity... Read More

Light-independent reaction

The process of photosynthesis is a biological procedure in which plants produce oxygen and energy (sugar) by using light... Read More

Charophyta

Charophyta is a taxonomic group (a phylum) comprised of green algae that live predominantly in freshwater habitats. Members... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition (botany) Any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by being... Read More

Acetate

Acetate (Science: biochemistry) a salt or ester of acetic acid, specifically, a synthetic textile fibre made from partially... Read More

Polymer

Definition noun, plural: polymers (1) A compound made up of several repeating units (monomers) or protomers (2) The product... Read More

Hydrophobic

Hydrophobic Definition The fear of mixing or reacting with water under a given set of reaction parameters is often referred... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Lignin

Definition noun An organic substance that acts as a binder for the cellulose fibers in certain plants adding strength and... Read More

Tissue

Tissue Definition What is tissue in the body? The body tissue is an aggregation of cells that function together and have a... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Decomposer

Decomposer Definition The organisms that carry out the process of decay or break down of the dead organism are known as... Read More

Wood

wood mad; insane; possessed; rabid; furious; frantic. Alternative forms: wode Our hoste gan to swear as if he were wood.... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Trophic level

In ecology, a trophic level pertains to a position in a food chain or ecological pyramid occupied by a group of organisms... Read More

Middle lamella

Definition noun plural: middle lamellae ˈmɪdəl ləˈmɛl.ə A pectin-rich intercellular material that glues the... Read More

Turgor pressure

In biology, turgor pressure definition pertains to the pressure that is exerted by the fluid (e.g. water) against the cell... Read More

Red algae

The red algae belong to the phylum Rhodophyta which literally was derived from the Greek word ῥόδον (rhodon), meaning... Read More

Syntrophy

Definition noun A biological circumstances of two different species of microorganisms that are mutually dependent with... Read More

Glycosidase

Definition noun, plural: glycosidases (biochemistry) An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of a... Read More