70 results found

Search Results for: complementary dna

Complementary DNA

Definition noun A double stranded DNA produced from the messenger RNA synthesis in a reaction catalyzed by an enzymes... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More

Genetic material

Genetic Material Definition What is genetic material? Genetic material is the hereditary substance in the cell. It carries... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Pyrimidine

Definition noun plural: pyrimidines py·rim·i·dine, py·rim·i·dine A heterocyclic aromatic compound that presents as... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Protein Synthesis

If you have jumped straight to this page, you may wish to look at the previous tutorial about DNA, which gives background... Read More

Thymidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More

Cytosine

Definition noun plural: cytosines cy·to·sine, ˈsaɪtəsiːn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase that complementary... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Thymidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and three... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Uracil

Definition noun plural: uracils u·ra·cil, ˈjʊərəsɪl (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in RNA that... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Uridine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Thymidine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Nucleoside

Definition noun plural: nucleosides A nitrogenous base (purine or pyrimidine) bound to a pentose sugar ribose or... Read More

Deoxyadenosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Deoxyguanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxycytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyadenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More