45 results found

Search Results for: dehydrogenase

Dehydrogenase

Dehydrogenase (Science: enzyme) enzyme that oxidizes a substrate by transferring hydrogen to an acceptor that is either... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Androsterone

Definition noun, plural: androsterones A steroid hormone, with a chemical formula of C19H30O2, has masculinizing effects,... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Sorbitol

Definition noun plural: sorbitols sor·bi·tol, ˈsɔr bɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Cofactor

Definition noun, plural: cofactors (biochemistry) An inorganic complement of an enzyme reaction Supplement Cofactors... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Mannitol

Definition noun plural: mannitols man·ni·tol, ˈmæn ɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweetish taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

White adipose tissue

Definition noun, plural: white adipose tissues A type of adipose tissue found in mammals used to store energy and acts as... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Arabinose

Definition noun A five-carbon monosaccharide that naturally occurs as a constituent in various plant and bacterial... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Pentose phosphate pathway

Definition noun (biochemistry) A glucose metabolic pathway in which five-carbon sugars (pentoses) and NADPH are synthesized... Read More

Bacillus megaterium

Definition noun An endospore forming rod-shaped bacterium recognized as an endophytes involved in the production of various... Read More

NADH

Definition noun Abbreviation for the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide Supplement Compare:NADPH Related... Read More

Flavin adenine dinucleotide

Definition noun plural: flavin adenine dinucleotides fla·vin ad·e·nine di·nu·cle·o·tide, ad·e·nine... Read More

Malate

Definition noun An ester or a salt of malic acid Supplement Malate is the ionized form (an ester or a salt) of malic acid.... Read More

Smac 25

smac 25 (Science: investigation) A blood chemistry panel, often used as a general screening tool, which includes measurement... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Aldose

Definition noun, plural: aldoses Any monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group (-CHO) Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Flavin mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: flavin mononucleotides fla·vin mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More

Mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A single nucleotide (as... Read More

Biomolecule β-Hydroxybutyrate – key to vascular youth?

One of the hallmarks of old age is vascular aging. Researchers found that a biomolecule, β-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB), can serve... Read More

L-glucose

Definition noun An L-stereoisomer of glucose molecule, which is comparatively less biologically active than D-glucose, and... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Thromboxane

Definition noun, plural: thromboxanes Any from the various arachidonic acid metabolites produced by the action of... Read More

Cytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of cytidine (a cytosine... Read More

Dehydrogenation

Pertaining to an oxidised molecule which has had hydrogen removed from it.dehydrogenation The removal of one or more... Read More

Isoenzyme

Isozymes (also known as isoenzymes) are enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but catalyze the same chemical reaction.... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Cholesterol

Definition noun A sterol or a modified steroid that is synthesized by animal cells to become an essential component of... Read More

Pyrimidine

Definition noun plural: pyrimidines py·rim·i·dine, py·rim·i·dine A heterocyclic aromatic compound that presents as a... Read More

Estradiol

Definition noun, plural: estradiol An estrogenic hormone with a chemical formula of C18H24O2; a potent estrogen; a major... Read More

Lactate

Definition noun (chemistry) Any salt or ester of lactic acid such that the acidic hydrogen of the carboxyl group has been... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Flavoprotein

Definition noun, plural: flavoproteins A protein containing a flavin moiety, e.g. flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and... Read More