26 results found

Search Results for: derivatives

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Hormone Production

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands in the endocrine system.... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Hypomelanism

All the body cells of living organisms bear some color due to one or the other pigment molecule or complex. The pigment can... Read More

Phenol

phenol (Science: chemistry) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, C6H5OH, produced by the destructive distillation of... Read More

Universal

universal 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space;... Read More

Hormone

Definition noun, plural: hormones (physiology) Any of the substances produced and secreted by an endocrine gland, and then... Read More

Biology

Biology Definition Biology is the branch of science that primarily deals with the structure, function, growth, evolution,... Read More

Peripheral membrane protein

Definition noun, plural: peripheral membrane proteins A protein that temporarily adheres to the biological membrane, either... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Phagosome

Definition noun plural: phagosomes phag·o·some, ˈfæg əˌsoʊm (cell biology) A vesicle that forms by pinching off... Read More

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More

Cutin

Definition noun, plural: cutins (botany) A waxy polymer of hydroxy acids in the cuticle of plants (medicine) An animal... Read More

Glycosaminoglycan

Definition noun (biochemistry) The polysaccharide unit of proteoglycan Supplement Glycosaminoglycans are the polysaccharide... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Branches of biology

Branches of Biology Biology, the scientific study of life, includes several relevant branches. Below is a list of major... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile (or hydrophilic molecule) mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Phytohormones

phytohormone --> plant growth substances (Science: plant biology) substances that, at low concentration, influence plant... Read More

Simple protein

simple protein protein that yields only alpha-amino acids or their derivatives by hydrolysis; e.g., albumins, globulins,... Read More

Upright

upright 1. In an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upward; as, an upright... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Bactericidal

Definition adjective Refers to a substance (or a condition) capable of killing bacteria. Supplement Word origin:... Read More

Arachidonic acid

Arachidonic acid (Science: biochemistry) An essential dietary component for mammals. The free acid is the precursor for... Read More

Proteoglycan

Definition noun, plural: proteoglycans A macromolecule that has a core protein attached covalently to one or more... Read More

Dansyl chloride

Definition noun (chemistry) A strongly fluorescent compound that will react with the terminal amino group of a protein;... Read More

Bactericide

Definition noun, plural: bactericides A substance or agent capable of killing bacteria. Supplement Examples of bactericides... Read More