39 results found

Search Results for: disaccharide

Disaccharide

Definition noun plural: disaccharides di·sac·cha·ride, daɪˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A (carbohydrate) composed of... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Cellobiose

Definition noun plural: cellobioses cel·lo·bi·ose, ˌsɛləʊˈbaɪəʊz A disaccharide made up of two glucose... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Lactulose

Definition noun A disaccharide made up of galactose and fructose and produced through a heat... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Saccharide

Definition noun, plural: saccharides The unit structure of carbohydrates (i.e. an organic compound with a general chemical... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Chitobiose

Definition noun A dimer comprised of two molecules of glucosamine units joined by β-1,4 bonds, and produced by organisms... Read More

A Balanced Diet – Carbohydrates and Fat

Alongside the numerous vitamins that are required as part of a healthy diet, we must also eat food containing a variety of... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Dehydration reaction

Definition noun, plural: dehydration reactions A chemical reaction whereby a water molecule is lost, such as that during the... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Isomalt

Definition noun i·so·malt, ˈaɪ sə mɔlt A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols: glucose-mannitol and... Read More

Human milk oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: human milk oligosaccharides An oligosaccharide that occurs in high concentrations and exclusively... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Depolymerization

Definition noun, plural: depolymerizations The act of process of breaking down a polymer into smaller units or... Read More

Lactase

Definition noun, plural: lactases An enzyme that catalyze the hydrolysis and subsequently the breakdown of lactose into... Read More

Ketose

Definition noun, plural: ketoses A monosaccharide with a ketone as its carbonyl group Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Aldose

Definition noun, plural: aldoses Any monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group (-CHO) Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Glycosaminoglycan

Definition noun (biochemistry) The polysaccharide unit of proteoglycan Supplement Glycosaminoglycans are the polysaccharide... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Synthase

Definition noun, plural: synthases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of a compound Supplement Synthases... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Starch

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Starch Definition noun plural: starch, starches starch, stɑɹtʃ A... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Some genes are switched on or off depending on environmental conditions. The... Read More