118 results found

Search Results for: fatty acid

Fatty acid

Definition noun plural: fatty acids'' fatty acid, ˈfætɪ ˈæsɪd Any of the group of a long chain of hydrocarbon... Read More

Monounsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: monounsaturated fatty acids Any of a group of unsaturated fatty acids characterized by having a... Read More

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: polyunsaturated fatty acids Any of a group of unsaturated fatty acids characterized by having more... Read More

Unsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: unsaturated fatty acids The unsaturated fatty acid is a form of fatty acid containing one or more... Read More

Saturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: saturated fatty acids A form of fatty acid with only single bonds between carbon atoms Supplement A... Read More

Omega-6 fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: omega-6 fatty acids A type of polyunsaturated fatty acid in which the first double bond is between... Read More

Cis fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: cis fatty acids A fatty acid in a cis configuration, i.e. two hydrogen atoms adjacent to the double... Read More

Pyruvic acid

What is Pyruvic Acid? Pyruvic acid is an organic acid that occurs as an intermediate in many metabolic processes. It occurs... Read More

Fat

Definition noun plural: fats fats, fæts A term largely applied to storage lipids in animal tissues that are usually solid... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Lipid

A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them are organic molecules. The... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Phospholipid

What is a phospholipid? Phospholipids are a subgroup of lipids. Other major types of lipids are fatty acids, sphingolipids,... Read More

Monounsaturated fat

What is monounsaturated fat? Monounsaturated fats are healthy dietary fats. They are liquid at room temperature. Unlike... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Stearic acid

Definition noun, plural: stearic acids A eighteen-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C18H36O2 Supplement A fatty acid is a... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Glyceride

Definition noun, plural: glycerides (biochemistry) Any of the esters formed from glycerol reacting with fatty acids, and... Read More

Palmitic acid

Definition noun, plural: palmitic acids A 16-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: CH3 (CH2)14 COOH Supplement A fatty acid... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Triglyceride

Definition noun, plural: triglycerides An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules... Read More

Dehydration reaction

What is dehydration synthesis? A dehydration reaction is a form of biochemical reaction wherein a water molecule is lost or... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Diglyceride

Definition noun, plural: diglycerides A glyceride consisting of a glycerol and two fatty acid molecules joined through ester... Read More

Glycerolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycerolipids A type of lipid made up of a glycerol linked esterically to a fatty acid Supplement A... Read More

Palmitin

Definition noun, plural: palmitins A solid, white, crystallizable fat in animal and plant tissues Supplement Palmitin... Read More

Prostaglandin

Definition noun, plural: prostaglandins A group of eicosanoids, structurally characterized as 20-carbon unsaturated fatty... Read More

Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal (GI) system includes the gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,... Read More

Adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Digestive Enzymes

Have you ever thought about what happens to the food after you have taken it into your mouth? How those big steak pieces... Read More

Sphingolipid

Definition noun plural: sphingolipids sphin·go·lip·id A type of lipid with a sphingoid base (e.g. sphingosine and... Read More

Monoglyceride

Definition noun, plural: monoglycerides A glyceride consisting of a glycerol and a molecule of fatty acid joined via an... Read More

Monomer

Monomer Definition What is a monomer? Monomers can be defined as building blocks of a polymer, which is a structure... Read More