38 results found

Search Results for: high energy bond

Energy coupling

What is Energy Coupling? Work, whether it be physical or biological, requires energy to be expended. In biological... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a physio-chemical process carried out by photo-auto-lithotrophs by converting light energy into chemical... Read More

High Energy Bond

A type of bond in a molecule that is in a high energy state, such as atp compared to adp, atp has much more energy... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Photolysis

Photolysis Definition We define photolysis as a chemical process in which chemical compounds or molecules are split into... Read More

Dehydration reaction

What is dehydration synthesis? A dehydration reaction is a form of biochemical reaction wherein a water molecule is lost or... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Valence electron

What are valence electrons? Why are they significant? Valence electrons definition in chemistry: The electrons in an atom's... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Disaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds comprised of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Water

Water Definition (1) (biochemistry) A chemical substance, with chemical formula H2O, that is a clear, colorless, odorless,... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Enzyme

An enzyme is a biomolecule that can be synthesized biologically (naturally occurring) or through other processes... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Nucleoside

Nucleoside Definition A nucleoside is a nitrogenous base (purine or pyrimidine) bound to a pentose sugar ribose or... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Monosaccharide

Monosaccharide Definition In biology and biochemistry, a monosaccharide is a simple sugar that constitutes the building... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Ion

We have been introduced to ions in varied fields of Science like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. This article takes you on... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Lipid

A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them are organic molecules. The... Read More

Nitrogen

Definition noun plural: nitrogens ni·tro·gen, ˈnɐɪtʰɹədʒən (biochemistry) A colorless, odorless, gaseous... Read More

Cell membrane

Cell Membrane Definition Just like any non-living body possesses a plastic or paper packaging material that keeps the... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Alanine

What is alanine? Alanine is a non-essential amino acid. There are two types of amino acids for mammals namely essential and... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Isomalt

Definition noun i·so·malt, ˈaɪ sə mɔlt A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols: glucose-mannitol and... Read More

Synthase

Definition noun, plural: synthases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of a compound Supplement Synthases... Read More