215 results found

Search Results for: infection

Infection

Definition noun, plural: infections (microbiology) Invasion and multiplication of an infectious agents in body tissues of... Read More

Incubation period

Incubation Period Definition The incubation period is the time duration between exposure to the pathogen and the appearance... Read More

Subclinical infection

subclinical infection (Science: epidemiology) An infection in which symptoms are sufficiently mild or inapparent to escape... Read More

Opportunistic pathogen

Opportunistic Pathogen Definition How do we define opportunistic pathogen? The opportunistic pathogen is an infectious... Read More

Naked virus

Viruses are infectious entities with size ranges between 20 to 400 nanometers. The mammoth-sized virus would be about the... Read More

Focus

Definition noun, plural: foci (general) A central point (pathology) The central site in which a disease localizes or... Read More

Lymph nodes

Lymph nodes definition Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs located in different parts of the body and act as... Read More

Prodromal period

There are five stages (or phases) of a disease. (Hattis, 2020). These stages are (1) Incubation period, (2) Prodromal... Read More

Exudate

What is an exudate? The inflammation or injury in a tissue result in increased permeability of the blood vessels that... Read More

Silent mutation

A mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of a gene or a chromosome. When there is only one nucleotide involved, it... Read More

Streptococcus

Definition noun, plural: streptococci (1) A genus of bacteria characterized by being coccus, Gram-positive, and occurring in... Read More

Infective stage

Definition noun (parasitology) The stage in the life cycle of an endoparasite wherein it can initiate infection to its... Read More

Flaccid

Flaccid Definition Biology – What is Flaccid? In botany, the term flaccid refers to a cell that lacks turgidity, i.e. it... Read More

Suppurative inflammation

Definition noun A type of inflammation accompanied by the discharge of purulent exudate (pus) Supplement Inflammation is a... Read More

Dhobie itch

Definition Fungal infection causing intense itching and inflammation in the groin region. Supplement This type of fungal... Read More

Symbiosis

Symbiosis Definition What is symbiosis? Symbiosis can be defined as any kind of relationship or interaction between two... Read More

Susceptible

Resistance, vulnerability, sensitivity, tolerance, and susceptibility are some highly important terminologies across the... Read More

Natural immunity

natural immunity --> innate immunity This includes local barriers to infection such as skin, stomach acid, mucous, the... Read More

Biosecurity and Biocontrol

By: Maria Victoria Gonzaga In the previous lesson, we learned about the importance of modern science... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Fugitive swelling

Fugitive swelling --> loiasis a parasitic infection caused by the nematode loa loa. The vector in the transmission of... Read More

Microparasites

Microparasites (Science: epidemiology) Typically, viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. More generally, parasites that... Read More

Humoral immunity

Let’s get to know where one should place humoral immunity, the topic of today’s discussion!! By the end of the article,... Read More

Entamoeba coli

Definition noun A non-pathogenic species of the genus Entamoeba that reside in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and... Read More

Serous cavity filariasis

Definition noun A type of filariasis caused by filarial worms that typically occupy the serous cavity of the abdomen of... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Coccidia

Coccidia (singular: coccidium) are sporozoans that live as parasites of the digestive tracts of certain animals. The... Read More

Predisposing factors

All organisms can be born with or develop a disease at any point in their lifetime. When someone is born with a disease, it... Read More

Nematode

Definition noun, plural: nematodes An unsegmented worm belonging to the phylum Nematoda; also called... Read More

Neisseria flavescens

Definition Noun A gram-negative saprophytic bacterium found normally in the nasopharynx, mouth and upper respiratory tracts... Read More

Pathogenicity

Definition noun, plural: pathogenicities The capability (of a pathogenic agent) to cause disease Supplement Pathogenicity... Read More

Anaerobic

As largely known are the subset of biological processes that are directly correlated to the ‘usage of molecular oxygen’,... Read More

coronavirus COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious coronavirus disease first detected... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Parasitism

Organisms depend on different sources of food to survive. Larger organisms like plants make their own food (autotrophs) and... Read More

Enterobacter aerogenes

Definition Noun A gram-negative rod shaped motile and encapsulated bacterium and have peritrichous flagella that surrounds... Read More

Multiple alleles

Alleles are the pairs of genes occupying a specific spot called locus on a chromosome. Typically, there are only two alleles... Read More

Glycocalyx

What is the Glycocalyx? The glycocalyx is a polysaccharide-based gel-like, highly hydrous cellular thin layer, covering... Read More

Purulence

Definition noun The state of forming of pus at the site of injury or infection, or the pus itself Supplement Inflammation is... Read More