54 results found

Search Results for: inhibit

Inhibit

Inhibit comes from the Latin inhibitus, meaning "to hold in", "to restrain", or "to keep". In biology, there are various... Read More

Growth inhibitors

Growth inhibitors endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of human and animal cells or... Read More

Plant Auxins – Phototropism & Geotropism

As with animals, plants also use a variety of hormones to control their growth and development. A family of hormones called... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Feedback mechanism

Feedback Mechanism Definition What is a feedback mechanism? A feedback mechanism is a physiological regulation system in a... Read More

Mature mRNA

Mature mRNA Definition Mature mRNA is the completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes. The mRNA is a type... Read More

Sensory Systems

A sensory system is a part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptors that receive stimuli from the internal and... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Human Reproduction

Terminology and Concepts Primary reproductive organs are called gonads - testes in the male and ovaries in the female.... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Diaphoresis

What is Diaphoresis? Diaphoresis is referred to excessive or profuse perspiration or sweating which may be due to... Read More

Pyrogen

Definition noun, plural: pyrogens A substance inducing fever by acting on the hypothalamic thermoregulatory center and... Read More

Galacto-oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: galacto-oligosaccharides ga·lac·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride An oligosaccharide made up of... Read More

Exogenous pyrogen

Definition noun, plural: exogenous pyrogen A type of pyrogen that is of microbial origin, such as the lipopolysaccharide in... Read More

Depolarization

Depolarization is the removal of polarity by a process or action. It might also be used to describe how such activity leads... Read More

Angiotensinogen

Definition noun An alpha-2 globulin protein that is found in the bloodstream and release into circulation mainly by the... Read More

Allose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is a stereoisomer of glucose and found in the leaves of the African shrub... Read More

Bacteriolysin

Definition noun, plural: bacteriolysins (1) A specific antibody that combines with bacterial cells (antigens) and, in the... Read More

Actions of Caffeine in the Brain with Special Reference to Factors That Contribute to Its Widespread Use

IV. Actions of Caffeine on Brain Functions and Behavior Having discussed the molecular and neuronal actions of caffeine,... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

The Human Physiology

Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiological... Read More

Growth and Plant Hormones

Growth All living organisms begin in the same form: as a single cell. That cell will divide and the resulting cells will... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Control of Body Movement

Motor Control Hierarchy A motor program is the pattern of neural activities required to perform a movement is created and... Read More

Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal (GI) system includes the gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Gibberellins and Gibberellic Acid

The family of gibberellins have a similar effect to that of auxins; they promote cell division and elongation. The major... Read More

Plant Cell Defense

Hydrogen Peroxide Plants release hydrogen peroxide in response to the presence of a fungal invasion, which attacks by... Read More

Biomolecule β-Hydroxybutyrate – key to vascular youth?

One of the hallmarks of old age is vascular aging. Researchers found that a biomolecule, β-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB), can serve... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Deoxythymidine

Definition noun plural: deoxythymidines A pyrimidine nucleoside that has thymine attached to the pentose sugar... Read More

Enzyme

An enzyme is a biomolecule that can be synthesized biologically (naturally occurring) or through other processes... Read More

Proteoglycan

What are proteoglycans? Proteoglycans are primarily a type of polysaccharide. Structurally, proteoglycans are... Read More

Interferon

Interferon (Science: cytokine) a family of glycoproteins derived from human cells which normally has a role in fighting... Read More

Feedback regulation

Feedback regulation (Science: physiology) control mechanism that uses the consequences of a process to regulate the rate at... Read More

Antibiotic

Definition noun, plural: antibiotics Antimicrobial agent made from microorganisms, and can kill and inhibit the growth of... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Elective culture

Elective culture a method of isolating microorganisms capable of utilizing a specific substrate by incubating an inoculum in... Read More

Muted tidal regime

muted tidal regime A fluctuation in a wetland's water level that is lower in amplitude than the fluctuation in a neighboring... Read More

Prostacyclin

Definition noun, plural: prostacyclins Any member from the subfamily of eicosanoids, with a chemical formula of C20H32O5,... Read More