47 results found

Search Results for: lysis

Lysis

Definition noun (cytology) The disintegration or rupture of the cell membrane, resulting in the release of cell contents or... Read More

Cytolysis

Definition noun (1) Osmotic lysis, i.e. the bursting or rupturing of cell membrane when the cell can no longer contain the... Read More

Immune cytolysis

Definition noun (1) Cell lysis caused by a lesion produced by the complement proteins on the antibody-coated cell membrane... Read More

Osmotic lysis

Definition noun The bursting or rupturing of cell membrane due to osmotic movement of water into the cell when the cell... Read More

Enzymolysis

Enzymolysis 1. The splitting or cleavage of a substance into smaller parts by means of enzymatic action. 2. Lysis by the... Read More

Haemolysis

Definition noun The lysis or the breaking open of red blood cell (erythrocyte) causing the release of hemoglobin into the... Read More

Plasmolysis

Plasmolysis is the shrinking of protoplasm away from the cell wall of a plant or bacterium. The protoplasmic shrinking is... Read More

Hemolysis

Definition noun The lysis or the breaking open of red blood cell (erythrocyte) causing the release of hemoglobin into the... Read More

Hypotonic solution

Hypotonic Solution Definition What is a hypotonic solution? It refers to a solution that contains a lower amount of solute... Read More

Tendolysis

tendolysis release of a tendon from adhesions. Synonym: tenolysis. Origin: tendo-- G. Lysis,... Read More

Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis --> haemodialysis (Science: nephrology, procedure) The removal of certain elements from the blood by virtue of... Read More

Photolysis

Definition noun The splitting or decomposition of a chemical compound by means of light energy or photons. Supplement For... Read More

Kidney dialysis

Kidney dialysis --> dialysis (Science: technique) The process of separating crystalloids and colloids in solution by the... Read More

Bacteriolysin

Definition noun, plural: bacteriolysins (1) A specific antibody that combines with bacterial cells (antigens) and, in the... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Streptolysin O

Definition noun An oxygen-labile, immunogenic hemolysin produced by or derived from some strains of... Read More

Temperate virus

Definition noun A virus that does not cause immediate lysis following entry to its host but remains in a latent state,... Read More

Hemolysin

Definition noun, plural: hemolysins An agent or substance that causes hemolysis, i.e. the lysis of red blood cells resulting... Read More

Turgidity

Turgidity is the state of being turgid or swollen, especially due to high fluid content. In general context, turgidity... Read More

Virulent virus

Definition noun A virus that lyses its host immediately upon infection and often cause disease Supplement Viruses may be... Read More

Lytic cycle

Definition noun One of the two cycles of viral reproduction (the other being the lysogenic cycle), which is usually... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Elaioplast

Definition noun, plural: elaioplasts (botany) A leucoplast that stores oil Supplement Plastids are organelles involved in... Read More

Protein processing post-translational

protein processing, post-translational Any of various enzymically catalyzed post-translational modifications of peptides or... Read More

Animal

Animal Definition An animal (plural: animals) refers to any of the eukaryotic multicellular organisms of the biological... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Secondary cell wall

Definition noun plural: secondary cell walls ˈsɛkənˌdɛɹi sɛl wɔːl The layer of the plant cell wall that forms... Read More

Turgor pressure

In biology, turgor pressure definition pertains to the pressure that is exerted by the fluid (e.g. water) against the cell... Read More

Crenation

Crenation - cell shrinks by osmosis because H2O leaves cell. solution is HYPERtonic (hyper - means excess, hypo - means... Read More

Middle lamella

Definition noun plural: middle lamellae ˈmɪdəl ləˈmɛl.ə A pectin-rich intercellular material that glues the... Read More

Opsonization

Definition noun, plural: opsonizations The process at which opsonins bind to the surface of the antigen so that the... Read More

Catalyst

Definition noun, plural catalyst A substance capable of initiating or speeding up a chemical reaction. Supplement Chemical... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

Complement

Complement (Science: immunology) a term originally used to refer to the heat labile factor in serum that causes immune... Read More

Phage

Definition noun, plural: phages (1) A bacteriophage: a virus capable of infecting a bacterial cell, and may cause lysis to... Read More

Lysogenic conversion

Lysogenic conversion --> lysogeny (Science: virology) The ability of some phages to survive in a bacterium as a result of... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Contractile vacuole

Definition noun, plural: contractile vacuoles (cell biology) A specialized vacuole of eukaryote cells, especially protozoa,... Read More

Flaccid

Flaccid Definition Biology – What is Flaccid? In botany, the term flaccid refers to a cell that lacks turgidity, i.e. it... Read More

Membrane attack complex

membrane attack complex --> complement (Science: immunology) A term originally used to refer to the heat labile factor in... Read More