58 results found

Search Results for: messenger

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Messenger

messenger 1. That which carries a message. 2. Having message-carrying properties. first messenger, a hormone that binds... Read More

Second messenger

second messenger (Science: molecular biology) In many hormone sensitive systems the systemic hormone does not enter the... Read More

Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication

Homeostasis is the relatively stable conditions of the internal environment that result from compensatory regulatory... Read More

Afferent Nerve

Afferent Nerve Definition The word ‘aferent’ means "steering or conducting something towards a destination". The... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of adenosine monophosphate that... Read More

Cyclic guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of guanosine monophosphate (chemical... Read More

MRNA

Definition noun plural: mRNAs Messenger ribonucleic acid See: Messenger ribonucleic acid for further information.... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Dispatch

Dispatch 1. The act of sending a message or messenger in haste or on important business. 2. Any sending away; dismissal;... Read More

Informational rna

Definition noun A type of RNA that carries the code or chemical blueprint for a specific protein. In the early stages of... Read More

Adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Complementary DNA

Definition noun A double stranded DNA produced from the messenger RNA synthesis in a reaction catalyzed by an enzymes... Read More

Autocrine signaling

Definition noun A form of cell signaling in which a cell secretes an autocrine agent (e.g. hormone or chemical messenger)... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Ribosomal DNA

Definition noun DNA sequence that codes for ribosomal RNA Supplement Ribosomal DNA is the sequence of DNA that codes for... Read More

Equal

Equal 1. Agreeing in quantity, size, quality, degree, value, etc.; having the same magnitude, the same value, the same... Read More

Spheroprotein

Definition noun, plural: spheroproteins A type of protein characterized by being globular or spherical in shape, and... Read More

Pentapeptide

Definition noun, plural: pentapeptides A peptide containing five amino acids Supplement Peptides are biomolecules that are... Read More

Zoonosis

Zoonosis Definition Zoonosis is an infectious disease that can be transmitted from an animal to a human host. Originally a... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Neural Control Mechanisms

Nerve cells called neurons generate electric signals that pass from one end of the cell to another and release chemical... Read More

Human Reproduction

Terminology and Concepts Primary reproductive organs are called gonads - testes in the male and ovaries in the female.... Read More

Human Perception – Neurology

A better understanding of human perception unlocks the key to how the mind works, an advantage when working with people with... Read More

Hormone Production

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands in the endocrine system.... Read More

Protein Synthesis

If you have jumped straight to this page, you may wish to look at the previous tutorial about DNA, which gives background... Read More

HnRNA

Definition noun, plural: hnRNAs The abbreviated form for heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleic acid: an extrachromosomal RNA... Read More

Phospholipid

Definition noun plural: phospholipids phos·pho·lip·id, ˌfɒsfəˈlɪpɪd (1) A lipid with one or more phosphate groups... Read More

Anticodon

Definition noun, plural: anticodons A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides located on one end of transfer RNA. It bounds... Read More

Intron

Definition noun, plural: introns (molecular biology) A noncoding, intervening sequence of DNA within a gene that is... Read More

Empty

Empty 1. Containing nothing; not holding or having anything within; void of contents or appropriate contents; not filled;... Read More

Cap

Cap (Science: abbreviation) catabolite (gene) activator protein. 1. Any anatomical structure that resembles a cap or... Read More

Iris

Iris Origin: L. Iris, iridis, the goddess, gr, the rainbow, iris of the eye, the plant iris. Cf. Orris. 1. The goddess of... Read More

Ethereal

Ethereal 1. Pertaining to the hypothetical upper, purer air, or to the higher regions beyond the earth or beyond the... Read More

Modulation

modulation --> neuromodulation alteration in the effectiveness of voltage gated or ligand gated ion channels by changing... Read More