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Search Results for: metabolism

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition noun The process involving a set of chemical reactions that modifies a molecule into another to... Read More

Inborn error of metabolism

Definition noun, plural: inborn errors of metabolism Any of the various congenital genetic biochemical disorders of... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Metabolic pathway

Definition noun A series of chemical reactions catalyzed by enzymes and are connected by their intermediates, i.e. the... Read More

Respiratory metabolism

respiratory metabolism The exchange of respiratory gases in the lungs, oxidation of foodstuffs in the tissues, and... Read More

Calcium metabolism

Calcium metabolism a set of biochemical processes which act to keep the level of calcium in the blood at a constant level,... Read More

Oxidative metabolism

oxidative metabolism respiration in the biochemical... Read More

Intermediate metabolism

Definition noun The intermediate steps within the cells in which the nutrient molecules or foodstuffs are metabolized and... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Intermediary metabolism

Definition noun The intermediate steps within the cells in which the nutrient molecules or foodstuffs are metabolized and... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Actions of Caffeine in the Brain with Special Reference to Factors That Contribute to Its Widespread Use

IV. Actions of Caffeine on Brain Functions and Behavior Having discussed the molecular and neuronal actions of caffeine,... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Metabolic disorder

Definition noun, plural: metabolic disorders A disorder in the metabolism, often caused by a dysfunctional enzyme as a... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Flavin mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: flavin mononucleotides fla·vin mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A single nucleotide (as... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Thyroxine

Definition noun, plural: thyroxines An iodine-containing hormone (chemical formula: C15H11I4NO4) produced by the thyroid... Read More

Group translocation

Group Translocation Definition Just like your “home” is a private place where you and your comfort are maintained due... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Testosterone

Definition noun, plural: testosterones A steroid hormone with a chemical formula of C19H28O2, and is regarded as the primary... Read More

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm definition noun plural: cytoplasms cy·to·plasm, ˈsaɪtoʊˌplæzəm The contents of a cell surrounded by... Read More

Protoplasm

Definition noun plural: protoplasms pro·to·plasm, ˈprəʊtəˌplæzəm The fluid living content of the cell that... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Living things

Living Things Definition A living things pertains to any organism or a life form that possesses or shows the... Read More

Organelle

An organelle refers to any of the various cellular structures that perform a distinctive function inside a cell. The cell is... Read More

Lactic acid

Definition noun (1) A colorless or yellowish, syrupy, water-soluble liquid, which is a byproduct of anaerobic glucose... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Degenerate

Degenerate means to become worse or less of its kind or former state. In biology, it means an entity performs the same... Read More