36 results found

Search Results for: methyl group

Methyl group

Methyl group A -CH3 group on a larger molecule. A carbon which is single-bonded to three hydrogens, and has one free bond to... Read More

Thymidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Uridine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Pyrimidine

Definition noun plural: pyrimidines py·rim·i·dine, py·rim·i·dine A heterocyclic aromatic compound that presents as... Read More

Uracil

Definition noun plural: uracils u·ra·cil, ˈjʊərəsɪl (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in RNA that... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Thymidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and three... Read More

Thymidine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Moiety

Moiety Definition What is a moiety? Moiety (plural: moieties), in general, refers to the half or one of the two... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Acceptor

Acceptor a compound that will take up a chemical group (e.g., an amine group, a methyl group, a carbamoyl group) from... Read More

Transmethylation

transmethylation transfer of a methyl group from one compound to another; e.g., l-homocysteine is converted to l-methionine... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Demecolcine

Definition noun (cytogenetics) A cytotoxic alkaloid isolated from Colchicum autumnale, and is used as an antineoplast... Read More

Fat

Definition noun plural: fats fats, fæts A term largely applied to storage lipids in animal tissues that are usually solid... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A single nucleotide (as... Read More

Acetyl

Acetyl (Science: biochemistry, chemistry) this is the radical of acetic acid, it contains a carbonyl and a methyl group that... Read More

Stearic acid

Definition noun, plural: stearic acids A eighteen-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C18H36O2 Supplement A fatty acid is a... Read More

Deoxythymidine

Definition noun plural: deoxythymidines A pyrimidine nucleoside that has thymine attached to the pentose sugar... Read More

Guanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of guanosine (a... Read More

Thymidine

Definition noun plural: thymidines thy·mi·dine, ˈθaɪ mɪˌdin A pyrimidine nucleoside that has thymine attached to... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Fatty acid

Definition noun plural: fatty acids'' fatty acid, ˈfætɪ ˈæsɪd Any of the group of a long chain of hydrocarbon... Read More

Alcohol

Definition noun, plural: alcohols (chemistry) An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl groups bound to a... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: polyunsaturated fatty acids Any of a group of unsaturated fatty acids characterized by having more... Read More

Methionine

methionine (Science: biochemistry) Contains the SCH3 group that can act as a methyl donor (see s adenosyl methionine).... Read More

Monounsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: monounsaturated fatty acids Any of a group of unsaturated fatty acids characterized by having a... Read More