29 results found

Search Results for: redox reaction

Redox reaction

Redox Reaction Definition What are redox reactions? This is a common term in chemistry and biology. In chemistry, a redox... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Electron acceptor

Definition noun A molecule that receives or accepts electrons from another molecule during a redox reaction. Supplement An... Read More

Oxidoreductase

Definition noun, plural: oxidoreductase (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from an electron... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Electron transport chain

Definition noun A group of compounds that pass electron from one to another via redox reactions coupled with the transfer... Read More

Chemical reaction

Definition noun, plural: chemical reactions A process in which one or more substances (reactants) are chemically... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Oxidant

Definition noun, plural: oxidants (1) Any substance that has the ability to oxidize other substance. (2) A molecule or atom... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Transferase

Definition noun, plural: transferases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a functional group from one... Read More

Oxidative phosphorylation

Definition noun A metabolic pathway that generates ATP from ADP through phosphorylation that derives the energy from the... Read More

Photosystem

Definition noun, plural: photosystems A multisubunit complex found mainly in the thylakoid membranes of plants and algae,... Read More

Disaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds comprised of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Oxidizer

Definition noun, plural: oxidizers Any substance that has the ability to oxidize other substance. Supplement An oxidizing... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA – hallmark of psychological stress

We often hear that stress can be unsettling as it could make us ill when it becomes chronic and overwhelming. However, is... Read More

Terminal electron acceptor

Definition noun A compound that receives or accepts an electron during oxidation of carbon source, e.g. during cellular... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Carbon fixation

Carbon Fixation Definition We know that the earth contains many elements. The periodic table shows us just how many... Read More