56 results found

Search Results for: single bond

Covalent bond

Covalent Bond Definition What is a covalent bond? In chemistry and other fundamental science fields, a covalent bond is... Read More

Ionic bond

Definition noun plural: ionic bonds A type of chemical bond in which atoms, ions, or molecules are held together by... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Single bond

single bond A covalent bond resulting from the sharing of one pair of electrons; e.g., H3C-CH3... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Hydrocarbon

Definition noun, plural: hydrocarbons An organic molecule comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen atoms Supplement A... Read More

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: polyunsaturated fatty acids Any of a group of unsaturated fatty acids characterized by having more... Read More

Nuclease S1

Definition noun An endonuclease enzyme capable of degrading single-stranded DNA and RNA Supplement The nuclease S1 is a... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Monounsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: monounsaturated fatty acids Any of a group of unsaturated fatty acids characterized by having a... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Disulfide bond

Definition noun (chemistry) (1) The single covalent bond formed from the coupling of thiol groups, especially of cysteine... Read More

Unsaturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: unsaturated fatty acids The unsaturated fatty acid is a form of fatty acid containing one or more... Read More

Stearic acid

Definition noun, plural: stearic acids A eighteen-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C18H36O2 Supplement A fatty acid is a... Read More

Palmitic acid

Definition noun, plural: palmitic acids A 16-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: CH3 (CH2)14 COOH Supplement A fatty acid... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Saturated fatty acid

Definition noun, plural: saturated fatty acids A form of fatty acid with only single bonds between carbon atoms Supplement A... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Nucleoside

Definition noun plural: nucleosides A nitrogenous base (purine or pyrimidine) bound to a pentose sugar ribose or... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Carbon dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Definition noun, car·bon di·ox·ide, /daɪˈɒksaɪd/ (biochemistry) An inorganic compound, with the... Read More

Avidity

Definition noun, plural: avidities The combined strength of bond affinities in a complex. Usage The term may be used in... Read More

Behenic acid

Definition noun, plural: behenic acids A 22-carbon fatty acid, with the formula: C22 H44O2 Supplement A fatty acid is a long... Read More

Palmitin

Definition noun, plural: palmitins A solid, white, crystallizable fat in animal and plant tissues Supplement Palmitin... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Guanosine

Definition noun plural: guanosines gua·no·sine, ˈgwɑ nəˌsin A purine nucleoside that has guanine bound to a ribose... Read More

Adenosine

Definition noun plural: adenosines a·den·o·sine, əˈdɛn əˌsin A purine nucleoside that has adenine bound to a... Read More

Valence electron

Definition noun, plural: valence electrons Any of the electrons on the outermost shell of an atom and takes part in chemical... Read More

Organization

Organization Definition The meaning of the term "organization" is very simple. It means the state wherein things are... Read More

Nuclease

Definition noun, plural: nucleases An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nucleic acids to oligonucleotides or... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Monounsaturated fat

Definition noun, plural: monounsaturated fats An unsaturated fatty acid that contains only one double or triple bond in the... Read More

Hydroxyl groups

Hydroxyl group An -OH or alcohol group on a larger molecule. The oxygen is single-bonded to the hydrogen and has one free... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More