111 results found

Search Results for: skeletal muscle

Transplanted Skeletal Muscle Mimics Heart Muscle; Helps Failing Heart Pump, Duke Researchers Say

DURHAM, N.C. -- Immature muscle cells transplanted from the leg of an animal to its heart apparently can... Read More

Skeletal muscle

Definition noun, plural: skeletal muscles A voluntary, striated (vertebrate) muscle that is associated with the skeleton,... Read More

Smooth muscle

The smooth muscle can be described as a type of muscle in the human body that is non-striated and involuntary in action.... Read More

Sarcolemma

Sarcolemma Definition What is the sarcolemma? It is the thin, transparent, extensible plasma membrane of the muscle cell.... Read More

Skeletal muscle tissue engineering

Invited Review The reconstruction of skeletal muscle tissue either lost by traumatic injury or tumor ablation or... Read More

Exercise Effects of Muscle Insulin Signaling and Action Invited Review: Exercise training-induced changes in insulin signaling in skeletal muscle

Exercise Effects of Muscle Insulin Signaling and Action Invited Review: Exercise training-induced changes in insulin... Read More

Tissue

Tissue Definition What is tissue in the body? The body tissue is an aggregation of cells that function together and have a... Read More

Myocardium

Myocardium Definition What is the myocardium of the heart?  It is the muscular middle layer of the heart that is... Read More

Muscle

Definition ''noun, plural: muscles' An organ made up of muscle tissues, or the tissue itself, enabling contraction or... Read More

Borrowed Biceps Muscle May Help Boost Failing Hearts

DURHAM, N.C. - It's a cruel irony that the body's most crucial components are also the most vulnerable. Snap your spine... Read More

Cardiac muscle

Definition noun, plural: cardiac muscles (1) The heart muscle of the vertebrates (2) myocardium Supplement The muscles of... Read More

Muscle tissue

Definition noun, plural: muscle tissues An animal tissue capable of contracting, and therefore enables movement or tension... Read More

Voluntary muscle

Definition noun, plural: voluntary muscles A muscle that can be controlled voluntarily Supplement Some of the muscles of the... Read More

Muscles Are Smarter Than You Think: Acidity Helps Prevent Muscle Fatigue

Scientists at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, and at the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have discovered the... Read More

Muscular system

Definition noun An organ system comprised of skeletal muscles, smooth muscles, and cardiac muscles that are responsible for... Read More

Sarcoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: sarcoplasmic reticula (cell biology) The special type of smooth endoplasmic reticulum found in... Read More

Muscles of the Apes – a thwack on human muscle evolution

Summary: A recent finding suggests that apes do have the muscles for bipedalism, vocal communication, and facial... Read More

Metabolic syndrome — don’t blame the belly fat

Abdominal fat, the spare tire that many of us carry, has long been implicated as a primary suspect in causing the metabolic... Read More

Striated muscle

Definition noun, plural: striated muscles A muscle that is made up of long fibers characterized by transverse or oblique... Read More

Fat-generated Hormone Drives Energetic Capacity Of Muscle

The fat-generated hormone adiponectin plays an important role in the energetic capacity of skeletal muscle, according to a... Read More

Myoblast

Definition noun, plural: myoblasts The embryonic progenitor cell of the muscle cell Supplement Myoblasts are the embryonic... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

While Focusing on Heart Disease Interventions, Researchers Discover New Tactic Against Fatal Muscular Dystrophy

NEW YORK (Feb. 8, 2009) – Based on a striking similarity between heart disease and Duchenne muscular dystrophy,... Read More

Hibernating Bears Conserve More Muscle Strength Than Humans On Bed Rest Do

A new study in the journal Physiological and Biochemical Zoology quantifiably measures the loss of strength and endurance... Read More

The sturdier sex? — Study by Pittsburgh scientists finds female stem cells work better

Female stem cells derived from muscle have a greater ability to regenerate skeletal muscle tissue than male cells, according... Read More

New roles for growth factors: Enticing nerve cells to muscles

  Spinal cord motor neurons (shown in green) extend tentacle-like protrusions called axons (shown in yellow)... Read More

Human derived stem cells can repair rat hearts damaged by heart attack

When human heart muscle cells derived from embryonic stem cells are implanted into a rat after a heart attack, they can... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Smooth Muscle Contraction and Relaxation

R. Clinton Webb Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912 Abstract This brief... Read More

Unstriated muscle

unstriated muscle --> smooth muscle (Science: anatomy, pathology, physiology) muscle tissue in vertebrates made up from... Read More

Thick filament

Definition noun, plural: thick filaments A type of myofilament that is made up of bipolar myosin II filaments, and is... Read More

Muscle spindle

Definition noun A fusiform mechanoreceptor (specifically a stretch receptor) within the skeletal muscle, composed of a... Read More

Fight Against Obesity: Increase Cells’ Energy Consumption With Mitochondrial Uncoupling?

With obesity still on the increase, it appears that the main weapon in the fight against it - reducing energy consumption... Read More

Somatic nervous system

Definition noun The part of the peripheral nervous system that consists of afferent nerves responsible in relaying motor and... Read More

Neuromuscular spindle

Definition noun A fusiform end organ within the skeletal muscle. It is composed of a bundle of 3 to 10 striated muscle... Read More

Myofilament

Definition noun, plural: myofilaments Any of the filaments made up of proteins and comprise the... Read More