19 results found

Search Results for: valine

Valine

valine (Science: amino acid) An essential amino acid. Valine is found in abundant quantities in most food. Valine has a... Read More

Genetic Mutations

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Genetic Mutations Genetic mutations are inherited variations in an... Read More

Val

Val symbol for valine and its radicals. An abbreviation for valine, an amino... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Ligase

Definition noun, plural: ligases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the binding of two molecules Supplement An enzyme... Read More

Nonpolar amino acid

nonpolar amino acid An alpha-amino acid in which the functional group attached to the alpha-carbon (i.e., R in RCH(NH2)COOH)... Read More

Biotin

Definition noun A member of the B vitamins, found in raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, leafy green vegetables, and is involved... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Essential amino acid

Definition noun, plural: essential amino acids An amino acid in which an organism cannot synthesize or can synthesize but in... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Amino acid

Definition noun, plural: amino acids (1) A molecule consisting of the basic amino group (NH2), the acidic carboxylic group... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Mutation

Mutation is a permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence or the process by which such a change occurs in a gene... Read More

Missense mutation

Definition noun, plural: missense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for a different amino... Read More

Sickle cell anaemia

Definition noun A hereditary blood disorder resulting in anaemia due to a mutation in the allele coding for the beta chain... Read More