Dictionary > Autoimmune disease

Autoimmune disease

Definition
noun, plural: autoimmune diseases
A type of disease as a result of an immune response of the body against own tissue, cell, or cell components
Supplement
An autoimmune disease is a disease due to a high level of autoimmunity. In general, the body’s immune cells would carry out a set of immune response against pathogenic microbes or antigens that gained entry into the body. These responses include antibody production, induction of cell-mediated immunity, complement activation, etc. There are instances wherein the body’s immune cells engage in a high level autoimmune response that they attack the body’s own tissues, cells, or cell components. Thus, diseases may arise as a result.
Some of the diseases or disorders resulting from autoimmunity are as follows:

  • Connective tissue disease
  • Landry-guillain-barre syndrome
  • Landrys paralysis
  • Landry syndrome
  • Heart and lung transplant
  • Lupus
  • Experimental allergic encephalitis
  • Guillain-barre syndrome
  • Winiwarter-buerger disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sjogren syndrome
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Heart tamponade
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans
  • Graves disease
  • Immune complex disease
  • Ovarian failure premature
  • Nil disease
  • Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia
  • Immune complex disorder
  • Basedows disease
  • Granulocytosis
  • Dropsy of pericardium
  • Morbus addisonii

See also:

  • autoimmunity
  • Self antigen
  • antibody


    You will also like...

    Gene Pool and Speciation
    The Gene Pool and Population Genetics

    According to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, preferable genes are favored by nature in the gene pool, and ..

    genes controlling growth and development
    Control of Growth & Development

    Control of Growth & Development tutorials look at how the genetic makeup determines the biological processes on a da..

    Human Reproduction
    Human Reproduction

    Humans are capable of only one mode of reproduction, i.e. sexual reproduction. Haploid sex cells (gametes) are produced ..

    Genetic Mutations
    Chromosome Mutations – II

    This tutorial is a continuation of the first lesson on chromosomal mutation. Here, find out the chromosomal aberrations ..

    Bryophytes
    Bryophytes

    Bryophytes (nonvascular plants) are a plant group characterized by lacking vascular tissues. They include the mosses, th..

    Balanced Diet
    A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

    Proteins and minerals can be derived from various dietary sources. They are essential for the proper growth and developm..