Dictionary > Autoimmune disease

Autoimmune disease

Definition
noun, plural: autoimmune diseases
A type of disease as a result of an immune response of the body against own tissue, cell, or cell components
Supplement
An autoimmune disease is a disease due to a high level of autoimmunity. In general, the body’s immune cells would carry out a set of immune response against pathogenic microbes or antigens that gained entry into the body. These responses include antibody production, induction of cell-mediated immunity, complement activation, etc. There are instances wherein the body’s immune cells engage in a high level autoimmune response that they attack the body’s own tissues, cells, or cell components. Thus, diseases may arise as a result.
Some of the diseases or disorders resulting from autoimmunity are as follows:

  • Connective tissue disease
  • Landry-guillain-barre syndrome
  • Landrys paralysis
  • Landry syndrome
  • Heart and lung transplant
  • Lupus
  • Experimental allergic encephalitis
  • Guillain-barre syndrome
  • Winiwarter-buerger disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sjogren syndrome
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Heart tamponade
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans
  • Graves disease
  • Immune complex disease
  • Ovarian failure premature
  • Nil disease
  • Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia
  • Immune complex disorder
  • Basedows disease
  • Granulocytosis
  • Dropsy of pericardium
  • Morbus addisonii

See also:

  • autoimmunity
  • Self antigen
  • antibody


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