Dictionary > Biocoenosis

Biocoenosis

Definition
noun, plural: biocoenoses
All the interacting organisms that live together in a specific habitat or biotope, forming an ecological community
Supplement
In ecology, a community refers to an association of living organisms having mutual relationships among themselves and to their environment and thus functioning, at least to some degree, as an ecological unit. It is comprised of the different groups of organisms coexisting in a habitat over a particular time. An ecological community is also called a biocenosis. A biocenosis thus refers to a group of interdependent organisms living and interacting with each other in the same habitat. It may also pertain to a group of fossil species that are typically found together in the same habitat or site. The term biocenosis is coined by German zoologist and ecologist, Karl Möbius. In 1877 he used the word to describe the interacting organisms living together in a biotope.1 The organisms in a community interact with one another, often, affecting each other’s abundance, distribution, adaptation, and existence. An ecological community may range in size from the very small community as in a pond or a tree to the huge regional or global community as in a biome. Biocenosis has different forms: (1) zoocenosis, a faunal community, (2) phytocenosis, a flora community, and (3) microbiocenosis, a microbial community.
Word origin: Biocönose (1877) > bio- + -cönose < Gk koínōsis mingling, sharing Variant(s):

  • biocoenosis
  • biocenose
  • biocoenose

Synonym(s):

  • biotic community
  • biological community
  • ecological community
  • life assemblage
  • See also:

    Reference(s):

    1 Möbius, K. (1877). Die Auster und die Austernwirtschaft. Verlag von Wiegandt, Hemple & Parey: Berlin.


    You will also like...

    Chemical effects on plant growth and development
    Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

    Plants and animals need elements, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium for proper growth and developme..

    DNA carries genes coding for proteins
    Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

    Genes are expressed through the process of protein synthesis. This elaborate tutorial provides an in-depth review of the..

    Cell structure
    Cell Structure

    A typical eukaryotic cell is comprised of cytoplasm with different organelles, such as nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, G..

    Biological Cell schematic diagram
    Biological Cell Introduction

    It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. A single cell is able to keep itself functional through its 'mi..

    Biological Cell Defense
    Biological Cell Defense

    Organisms employ different strategies to boost its defenses against antigens. Humans have an immune system to combat pat..

    The process of photosynthesis
    Photosynthesis – Photolysis and Carbon Fixation

    Photosynthesis is the process that plants undertake to create organic materials from carbon dioxide and water, with the ..