Dictionary > Clostridium tetani

Clostridium tetani

Definition
noun
An obligate anaerobic rod shaped and gram-positive bacterium which appears to looks like a drumstick that is very sensitive to heat and cannot endures the presence of oxygen which rely on fermentation for survival.
Supplement
Clostridium tetani has a plasmid and rotary flagella that randomly assorted around the cell for locomotion. It also contains a thick walled of multi-layers peptidoglycan and an inner membrane where it able to synthesize ATP using sodium motive force and fermentation which relies only on amino acids breakdown by various enzymes to form pyruvate which in turn fermented into lactase or into acetyl CoA.
Clostridium tetani formed spores which is highly resistant to antiseptics where it able to enters the body through an open wounds and germinate inside. It is abundantly found on different environments including damp areas, soil and sediment where in human mostly localized in the intestinal tracts and become pathogenic.
Clostridium tetani implicated in tetanus wherein spores of this bacterium able to enter through laceration, burns and open wounds that provides environment to spread or germinate in the presence of anaerobic conditions in which spores generates toxins known as tetanospasmin that is detrimental to human because it travel throughout the body via nervous system to reach the spinal cord and interferes neurotransmitters, thus blocking the brain signals leads to spasms, unwanted muscle contraction and severe seizures.
Scientific classifications:
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Clostridia
Order: Clostridiales
Family: Clostridiaceae
Genus: Clostridium
Species: Clostridium tetani
See also:
Bacteria
Tetanus


You will also like...

Digestion and Absorption of Food
Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal system breaks down particles of ingested food into molecular forms by enzymes through digestion and..

Wart-like leaf galls on grape leaves
Plant Cell Defense

Plants protect themselves by releasing hydrogen peroxide to fight against fungal invasion. Another way is by secreting c..

An artistic depiction of Dunkleosteus fish
Fish

The sea was teeming with life. Eventually, through reproduction and continued variation, fish came about. There are over..

Physical growth
Physical Development in Humans

This tutorial elaborates on the physical development of humans, particularly from puberty to adulthood. Read this tutori..

"Opabinia regalis"
The Evolutionary Development of Multicellular Organisms

Multicellular organisms evolved. The first ones were likely in the form of sponges. Multicellularity led to the evolutio..

Gibberellins and Gibberellic Acid
Gibberellins and Gibberellic Acid

This tutorial describes the role of gibberellin family in plants. Find out the effects of gibberellin on plant growth an..